Showing posts with label historia. Show all posts
Showing posts with label historia. Show all posts

Wednesday, 12 July 2017


‘’Acha tupambane... wale watakaokuja baada yetu watamaliza yatakayobakia.’’ 
Barua ya Kleist Sykes kwa Mzee bin Sudi, Rais wa African Association, 1933

Mnamo tarehe 9 Desemba, 1961 TANU ilinyakua mamlaka ya serikali kutoka kwa Mwingereza ikimaliza miaka 75 ya utawala wa kikoloni. 

HISTORIA YA TANU CHAMA CHA UKOMBOZI WA TANGANYIKA
Waasisi wa TANU 7 Julai 1954

Raia Mwema 12 Julai - 16 Julai, 2017



Robert Makange akihariri gazeti la TANU


Julius Nyerere akiwa UNO 1955

Bi. Titi na wanachama wa Tawi la TANU Magomeni, 1955
(Picha kwa hisani ya Mzee Kassanda ambae mama yake alikuwa mwanachama wa Tawi la TANU Magomeni)

Tuesday, 11 July 2017


Salim Zagar · Friends with Farouk Hussein and 29 others
Nitaifuata hii historia fupi kwako.
Mohamed Said Salum Ugomvi kati ya Sheikh Suleiman Takadir na Mwalimu Nyerere ndani ya ofisi ya TANU pale New Street ni katika matokeo ya historia ya TANU ambayo wana TANU wenyewe walipenda labda yafutike yasijulikane. Nadhani hata Mwalimu Nyerere hakupenda ugomvi ule uingie katika historia yake. Hakika ni kisa cha kusikitisha. Ugomvi huu alinihadithia marehemu Mzee Haidar Mwinyimvua baba yake Sheikh Ahmed Haidar ambae alikuwapo katika mkutano ule 1958 mara tu baada ya TANU kuamua kuingia katika Kura Tatu. Dr. Tamim ndiye aliyenipeleka kwa Mzee Haidar nyumbani kwake Magomeni. Alinieleza historia nzima ya Sheikh Takadir na ya Nyerere katika siku zile za mwanzo hadi Sheikh Takadir alipofukuzwa TANU. Kisa kizima nimekieleza katika kitabu cha Abdul Sykes.



Mohamed Said Salum Wakati wa utafiti wa kitabu cha Abdul Sykes sikuweza kupata picha ya Sheikh Takadir popote ikawa kama vile huyu mtu hakuwa katika TANU tena kiongozi wa juu kabisa. Picha yake ya kwanza nilikuja kuipata miaka hii ya 2000 na alinipa rafiki yangu marehemu Abdallah Kihombo nyumbani kwake Ilala. Baadae nikapata nyingine kutoka kwa Jim Bailey African Archive, Johannesburg...



Sunday, 9 July 2017

Mwandishi akimkabidhi Rais Mstaafu Ali Hassan Mwinyi kitabu cha Maisha ya Abdul Sykes,
Ukumbi wa Korea Dar es Salaam

Kauli ya Rais Mstaafu Mzee Hassan Mwinyi kuwa kama isingekuwa katiba ya Tanzania kuweka kikomo cha rais kutawala kwa si zaidi ya awamu mbili basi Rais Magufuli ingefaa atawale labda maisha kutokana na kazi yake nzuri kwa taifa hili. Kauli hii imezua mjadala mkubwa kutoka kwa wananchi. Wako wanaopinga na halikadhalika wako pia wanaounga mkono. Mapenzi hakika humtia mtu upofo na ikamnyang’anya akili na uwezo wa kufikiri.

Nataka wasomaji wangu nikurudisheni miaka mingi nyuma wakati Tanganyika inapigania uhuru wake na kiongozi wa mapambano haya alikuwa Julius Kambarage Nyerere. Ilikuwa mwaka wa 1957 na Nyerere alikuwa kijana mdogo wa miaka 35. Naomba mkisome kisa hiki hapi chini kama nilivyokiandika katika kitabu cha Abdul Sykes:

''Ilikuwa katika taarab iliyoandaliwa kusheherekea kufunguliwa kwa tawi la TANU Dar es Salaam ya Kaskazini katika mtaa wa Mvita, nyumba namba 10, tarehe 10 Agosti, 1957, ulimi wa Sheikh Takadir ukateleza, akamuita Nyerere ‘’Mtume,’’ Tawi la TANU Dar es Salaam ya Kaskazini lilikuja kuwa lenye nguvu sana kuliko yote na tawi likawa na mafanikio labda kupita matawi yote katika Tanganyika. Mwenyekiti wake alikuwa Mtoro Kibwana na mweka hazina Haidar Mwinyimvua, ambae baadae aliingia Kamati Kuu ya TANU ya Taifa. Kwenye hafla ile, katika kumtambulisha Nyerere na kummiminia sifa, Sheikh Takadir bila kufikiri aliwaambia wasikilizaji wake kuwa, ‘’Nyerere ni Mtume wa Afrika.’’ Kama kauli ile ingetolewa siku nyingine yoyote ile, huenda tamko hilo lisingezua kishindo, na huenda lingepita bila kuwa na taathira yeyote mbaya. Lakini ufunguzi wa tawi la TANU la Mvita katika siku hiyo tarehe 10 Agosti, 1957 ilikuwa siku maalum kwa wakazi wa Dar es Salaam.


Kushoto Julius Nyerere, Sheikh Suleiman Takadiri, Clement Mtamila na Titi Mohamed
Nyuma ya Nyerere Mama Maria Nyerere, Rajab Diwani na John Rupia


Kwanza, Dar es Salaam ilijitokeza kushuhudia kuhama kwa mwimbaji stadi, Nuru binti Sudi, kutoka Al-Watan na kujiunga na wapinzani wao Egyptian. Hivi vilikuwa vikundi viwili vya taarab vikishindana mjini Dar es Salaam. Siku hiyo Nuru alikuwa anaimba pamoja na kikundi chake kipya kwa mara ya kwanza na mashabiki wake walikuwa wamekuja kumwona bingwa wao akiimba katika hafla ya TANU. Halikadhalika mashabiki wa Egyptian walikuwa wamekuja vile vile kushangilia na kuwazomea washindani wao kwa kumchukua bingwa wao. Kulikuwa na sababu nyingine kwa watu kushangilia. Katika kuhama huko kutoka Al-Watan na kuingia Egyptian, Nuru alikuwa ameweka msimamo wa kisiasa. Nuru alikuwa na damu mchanganyiko. Baba yake alikuwa Mwarabu na mama yake alikuwa Mwafrika.  Kabla ya kutoka Al-Watan na kuingia Egyptian alikuwa mwanachama wa Coronation ambacho kilikuwa chama cha akina-mama wenye asili ya Kiarabu. Kwa hiyo ilichukuliwa kwamba, maadam Egyptian ilihusiana na Waafrika, kwa kitendo kile cha kuhama Al-Watan, Nuru alikuwa ameasi na kurudi kwa ndugu zake, yaani Waafrika.  Amerudi kwenye asili yake, kwenye tumbo la mama yake aliyemzaa. Hivi ndivyo mambo yalivyokuwa siku zile, kila jambo lilipewa tafsiri ya kisiasa. Wakati huo UTP ilikuwa tayari imeshanzishwa na Egyptian ilikuwa imetunga nyimbo maalum kwa ajili ya hafla hiyo ambayo Nuru aliimba kuidhihaki UTP. Sehemu ya mashairi yake yalikuwa yanasema hivi: ‘’Ma-UTP wana majambo, TANU wanaichukia.’’



Chief David Kidaha Makwaia


Pili, ili kuadhimisha kufunguliwa kwa tawi la TANU Mvita, TANU iliwaalika wajumbe wa Baraza la Kutunga Sheria, wengi wao machifu, ili kushuhudia sherehe hiyo. Miongoni mwao walikuwa Chifu David Kidaha Makwaia, Humbi Ziota, Chief Msabila Lugusha, Mwami Theresa Ntare na wengine wengi. Vilevile walikuwepo watu wengine mashuhuri kama Hamis Mfaranyaki ambae ndiye alikuwa kiongozi wa Wangoni mjini Dar es Salaam, Paul Bomani, Said Chaurembo, kaka yake Sheikh Abdallah Chaurembo na watu maarufu wengine wengi. Pamoja na watu wote hawa mashuhuri kuhudhuria, huu ulikuwa usiku adhimu kwa TANU. Hapakuwa na shaka yoyote kuwa chochote kitakachosemwa katika hafla kama hiyo kitakuwa na athari kwa watu. Ilikuwa katika hafla hii ndipo siku ulimi wa Sheikh Takadir ukateleza akampa utume Nyerere.’’


Upepo ukabadilika baada ya mwaka mmoja tu katika joto la siasa lililoanzishwa na Uchaguzi wa Kura Tatu wa mwaka wa 1958 pale Nyerere alipoonekana kuwaleta watu katika TANU ambao walisimama katika uchaguzi ule kwa tiketi ya TANU ili kuingia katika Baraza la Kutunga Sheria. Wengi katika hawa hawakuwa wamenyanyukia na TANU. Sheikh Takadiri uso na macho akamtuhumu Nyerere kwa tuhuma nzito na ya kutisha jambo ambalo TANU yenyewe ilionya mapema kabisa kuwa lisiletwe hata kwa mbali katika TANU nalo lilikuwa suala la Waislam. Vumbi zito lilifumuka kwa wanachama wa TANU kukiacha chama na kuunda kwanza African National Congress (ANC) ya Zuberi Mtemvu na kisha All National Union of Tanganyika (AMNUT) ya Mashado Plantan na wenzake. ‘’Utume.’’ wa Nyerere ulikuwa umetiwa dosari na mwenyewe aliyempa cheo hicho Sheikh Takadiri.


Zuberi Mtemvu Rais wa African National Congress (ANC)


Lakini vita hivi havikuishia hapo. Mwaka wa 1963 Nyerere akalivunja Baraza la Wazee wa TANU, baraza ambalo wajumbe wake wote zaidi ya 200 walikuwa Waislamu watupu na sababu iliyotolewa ni kuwa lilikuwa likichanganya, ‘’dini na siasa.’’ Huu pia haukuwa mwisho wa vumbi lile zito. Mwaka wa 1968, Nyerere akapiga marufuku East African Muslim Welfare Society (EAMWS) chama cha ustawishaji Uislam. Ilisadifu kuwa wakati haya yanatokea Sheikh Takadir hakuwepo kushuhudia mabadiliko haya ya ‘’Mtume,’’ wa Afrika. Baada ya kufukuzwa TANU na kupigwa pande na ndugu zake Sheikh Takadir hakuchukua muda akafa.

Sifa kubwa ya binadamu ni kukosa uwezo wa kujua ghaibu. Inawezekana Mzee Mwinyi kama alivyokuwa Sheikh Takadir kashindwa kutafakari ule ukweli kuwa binadamu ni kigeugeu na nyoyo za binadamu hugeuka. Aliye mwema leo ndiyo huyo mbaya wa kesho. Tuna mengi ya kujifunza katika historia ya nchi yetu. Sheikh Takadir alimpa Nyerere sifa ya utume, Mzee Mwinyi yeye angependa kumpa Magufuli urais wa maisha.

Friday, 7 July 2017






Ally Sykes: Soldier, musician, trade unionist, and businessman

THURSDAY JUNE 20 2013
Ally Sykes wore many hats with ease — he was a soldier in Burma, a trade unionist and politician, a businessman, and even founded a jazz band. Illustration/John Nyagah
Ally Sykes wore many hats with ease — he was a soldier in Burma, a trade unionist and politician, a businessman, and even founded a jazz band. Illustration/John Nyagah Nation Media Group
By MOHAMED SAID
I cannot remember the first time I met Ally Sykes, but I knew him when I was very young. Ally Sykes was one of a kind.
Many do not know of the key role that this iconic figure played in Tanganyika’s drive for Independence, but he shared a lot with me when I was writing a book about his elder brother.  
It was Ally and his brother Abdulwahid who took in Julius Nyerere when he first came to Dar es Salaam in 1952, and proposed him to stand for Tanganyika African Association presidency in 1953, which was then held by Abdulwahid himself.  Nyerere won that election and the Tanganyika African National Union (Tanu) was formed in 1954.
Ally and Abdulwahid, along with John Rupia, Dossa Aziz and Nyerere formed the inner circle of the nascent nationalist movement, and they were the vanguard in the Independence struggle.
The two Sykes brothers were natural insiders in the political awakening in Tanganyika since their father, Kleist Sykes, was the founding secretary of the African Association in 1929.
When Tanu was founded in July 1954, Ally Sykes, from his own pocket, printed the first 1,000 Tanu cards. He issued Tanu card no. 1 to “Territorial president” Julius Nyerere and card no. 2 to himself, card no. 3 to his elder brother Abdulwahid Sykes, card no. 4 to Dossa Aziz, card no. 5 to Dennis Phombeah, a Nyasa from Nyasaland, card no. 6 to Dome Okochi Budohi, one of the Kenyan nationalists in Tanu, and card no. 7 to John Rupia.
He printed a further 2,000 cards from money borrowed from Tanganyika African Government Servant Association, of which he was secretary.
In the early 1960s, we were living on Lindi Street (which before Independence was known as Kirk Street) near International Hotel in Dar es Salaam. The hotel still exists today, although the house we used to live in was torn down and replaced by a high rise building.
Ally had his office just across our house. He and my father had been friends since childhood; they had gone to school together in Dar es Salaam. I later learned that this office was owned by Peter Colmore, the managing director of High Fidelity Productions, a publicity and advertising agency based in Nairobi, and Ally was his representative in Dar es Salaam.
Ally was a civil servant in the Labour Department but after office hours, he would work at the agency.
Ally formed his first company — Sykes Sales Promotion Consultancy — in 1958 at the age of 32. Colmore, who had built up a very successful sales promotion business in Nairobi, appointed him as his agent for High Fidelity Productions in Tanganyika.

Peter Colmore and Ally Sykes, Paris 1963
It was during this time that I came to know Peter Colmore. Whenever Colmore was in Dar es Salaam he would stay at the International Hotel Annex where he had a permanent room with a brass placard on the door carrying his name.
During this time, Ally, through Tanganyika Broadcasting Corporation, was hosting a radio show for Philips, Shell BP and other companies.
My father was an ardent fan of Ally Sykes’s radio programmes, and though I was very young then, I can still hear Ally’s husky voice on the radio over the music, with my father sitting close by on his favourite sofa. This was in the early 1960s.
Ally was 15 years old when he ran away from home in Dar es Salaam and volunteered for King’s African Rifles (KAR) in Burma, in 1942. His elder brother Abdulwahid had been conscripted and was already serving in Burma. Although Ally’s father Kleist went to the KAR Recruiting Centre at Kilwa Road to protest that Ally was too young to join the army, the authorities refused to listen.

Right Abdul and Ally Sykes
Burma Second World War
(1938 - 1945)
Ally recalled that, “When we were about to be transported to Burma, my father came to Kabete, near Nairobi, where the training centre was, to see me off. But the authorities did not allow him into the camp. He went back to Dar es Salaam a very sad man having not been able to see me.’’
Even before he reached Burma, word was sent to his parents that Ally’s ship was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine and Ally was among the dead soldiers. It was, however, a false alarm, as Ally arrived at Kurnegala Camp in Colombo, Sri Lanka safe and sound in 1943.
What had happened was that while Ally’s convoy was sailing towards Colombo, one of the ships was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. The vessel sank, killing all the African askaris and their white officers on board.
In Dar es Salaam, death rites for young Ally were even held at Kipata Mosque near their house, but his family was later overjoyed to learn that Ally was still alive.
After the war in 1945, Ally decided not to go back home directly. After disembarking in Mombasa from the ship that was bringing ex-service men back, he took a train to Nairobi to seek employment. In Nairobi, Ally went to work for Colmore, for the first time, as an assistant at his real estate agency.
The two had first met in a record shop a few years earlier, the East African music store owned by Assanand, who once had record shops in all major towns in East Africa. Both were in KAR uniform. Colmore was from the upper class of the British nobility and Ally from a well-to-do family in Dar es Salaam. Ally was fluent in English. That meeting at Assanand’s was a good omen, because after the war their relationship revolved around music, publicity and promotions.
As Colmore’s assistant in the real estate agency, Ally’s job was to take prospective buyers to view properties and negotiate the price, leaving Colmore to seal the deal after he had completed the groundwork. Ally also acted as the public relations officer for the agency.
At that time, during colonialism, Ally’s job was considered prestigious, out of reach for most Africans in Kenya. To get privileges from the colonial system, like staying in a hotel and getting a good salary, Ally registered himself as a Zulu. It wasn’t very far-fetched — Ally’s grandfather was actually a Zulu from South Africa, who came to Tanganyika as a mercenary for the German colonists.
The Germans, wanting to beef up their colonial army, went on a recruiting drive to South Africa and Mozambique, to attract Zulus into their army, as they had a reputation for being fearsome warriors. 
After living in Tanganyika for a while, Ally’s grandfather found that life in Tanganyika under the Germans, and later, under the British, was less oppressive than what he had experienced under the Boers in South Africa, and decided to stay.
Ally got on well with Colmore, and they decided to form a band. During the war, Ally had been part of the entertainment unit of the KAR in the Burma Infantry 6th Battalion, and played the saxophone alongside the famous guitarist and vocalist Fundi Konde from Mombasa. 
Colmore brought African musicians from Southern Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, into the country. At the time Kenyan musicians had not learned how to use modern musical instruments. The band from Zimbabwe had musicians who played the piano, saxophone and trumpets. Colmore put Ally in charge, and he was responsible for general management and finding engagements for the band.
They became popular in Nairobi and played mainly for white audiences who could pay high rates. The band held many shows at Nairobi Theatre (now the Kenya National Theatre). The band was first known as the Ally Sykes Band, but was later called the Peter Colmore African Band.
It was while he was in Nairobi that Ally Sykes came to know Jomo Kenyatta, W.W Awori, Tom Mboya, Bildad Kaggia and other Kenyan nationalists. It was also during this time that he came into contact with Mau Mau activists.
Colmore and Ally working under High Fidelity Productions represented, promoted, and were consultants to Coca Cola (East Africa) Ltd; Cooper Motors Corporation Ltd; Allsopp (EA) Ltd; Shell Company of East Africa Ltd, Aspro Nicholas Ltd; Gailey and Roberts Ltd; Bata Shoes Company Ltd; Kenya Broadcasting Service, Cotton Lint and Seed Marketing Board and Raleigh Industries of East Africa Ltd.
They were also commercial representative in Kenya for the Tanganyika Broadcasting Corporation.
As a young boy, I remember the famous poster of Eduardo Masengo the guitarist and singer from Congo in striped blazer with his guitar holding a bottle of Coca-Cola. There was also the famous photograph of Msafiri Morimori, the trombone player, advertising Sportsman Cigarettes. These photographs of Masengo and Morimori were found in all newspapers in East Africa.

Eduardo Massengo

In 1960, Colmore brought Eduardo Masengo over to Dar es Salaam to perform, and Ally asked his friend Julius Nyerere to grace the occasion as the guest of honour at the show, which Masengo gave at Arnautoglo Hall. Colmore also came over from Nairobi for the show and Ally took the opportunity to introduce him to Julius Nyerere.
“I took Colmore over to Nyerere’s house at Magomeni Majumba Sita where he was staying at that time. On that day, Nyerere was a bit distressed since reports had been received from Congo that Lumumba had been killed,” Ally Sykes remembered. “The only thing that I remember about this is that we were all very sad about the events which were taking place in Congo.

Julius Nyerere and Eduard Masengo, 1958

“I took Peter Colmore to Julius Nyerere with the view of discussing serious business opportunities that would unfold to Africans in free Tanganyika but the atmosphere that day was not permitting,” Ally wrote in his unpublished autobiography Under the Shadow of BritishColonialism. In the book, he reveals that he was getting richer by the day even though he was a civil servant at that time. His wealth eventually created a problem with Julius Nyerere.
After Independence, and following the Arusha Declaration of 1967 which intended to turn Tanzania into a socialist state, the government passed the Leadership Code. The code prohibited civil servants from engaging in business, drawing more than one salary, owning property or holding shares in a private company. The code even prevented a civil servant from renting out property.
Ally knew that the Arusha Declaration would be the turning point in his career and business relationship with Colmore, because as a civil servant he owned property and was an established entrepreneur even before Independence.
In 1971, the government passed the Acquisition of Building Act. By the stroke of a pen, all buildings with the value of more than Tsh100,000 became government property.
Ally and his mother, Bi Mruguru biti Mussa, lost property nationalised by the government, and so did John Rupia.
Ally writes, “Strangely, about this time in 1967, soon after the Arusha Declaration, there was subtle harassment from the government towards me and my business to the extent that one day my mother asked me what has gone wrong between me, my brother Abdulwahid, and Nyerere.”
Colmore could not stand the hostile political climate. He wound up, sold the company to Ally, including the office premises, and went back to Nairobi never to return.
Ally went on to live a full life owning residences in Montreal, Ottawa, Johannesburg, London, Harare and Nairobi. Sykes was buried in Kisutu cemetery, Dar es Salaam in May 2013, and this region will surely be a dimmer place without the light of this remarkable man.

Author with Ally Sykes
Eid Fitr 19 September, 2009

Wednesday, 5 July 2017

Chini katikati waliokaa ni Sheikh Kassim Juma 
Nyuma kushoto ni Sheikh Hassan bin Amir, Al Habib Sheikh Omar bin Sumeit na Abbas Sykes
Nyuma katikakati ya Al Habib Sheikh Omar bin Sumeit ni Ali Mwinyi Tambwe

Raia Mwema limemwandika Ali Mwinyi Tambwe katika moja ya makala zake katika toleo la Julai 5 - Julai 11, 2017. Binafsi nimemfahamu Ali mwinyi Tambwe toka utoto wangu. Nilikutana na Ali Mwinyi Tambwe katika Nyaraka za Sykes wakati wa utafiti wa kitabu cha Abdul Sykes na hivi ndivyo nilivyomwandika Ali Mwinyi mzalendo aliyefanya mengi lakini yeye mwenyewe hakupenda kuyaeleza:

1954
''Kumbukumbu zinaonyesha kwamba Idd Faiz Mafongo alihudhuria mkutano wa uzinduzi wa TANU katika Ukumbi wa Arnautoglu. Haifahamiki kwa hakika hasa ni lini Idd Faiz alijiunga na TANU kwa sababu kadi yake ya kwanza ya uanachama ilipotea na akapewa kadi nyingine iliyokuwa na namba 915 iliyotolewa tarehe 28 Agosti, 1954. Lakini kwa kukisia tu kutokana na kadi ambayo Idd Faiz mwenyewe aliitoa kwa kaka yake Idd Tosiri ambayo ilikuwa kadi namba 25 na yenye saini yake kama afisa aliyetoa kadi hiyo, inaweza kuchukuliwa kwa uhakika kuwa Idd Faiz alikuwa miongoni mwa wale watu wa mwanzo kabisa kuingia TANU na huenda akawa miongoni mwa wanachama ishirini wa mwanzo. Ukichukua katika fikra ukweli kwamba Ali Mwinyi Tambwe aliyekuwa katibu wa Al Jamiatul Islamiyya aliingizwa TANU na Mtemvu katikati ya mwezi Agosti, 1955, huenda Ally Mwinyi kama katibu wa Al Jamiatul Islamiyya na Idd Faiz akiwa mweka hazina, wote wawili waliingia TANU wakati mmoja.''

Kushuto: Idd Faiz Mafongo, Sheikh Mohamed Ramia, Julius Nyerere, Saadan Abdu Kandoro na Haruna Taratibu, Dodoma. Idd Faiz Mafongo alikuwa Mweka Hazina wa Al Jamiatul Islamiyya fi Tanganyika na pi Mweka Hazina wa TANU chama kilikpoasisiwa 1954. Yeye ndiye aliyeaminiwa kukusanya fedha za safari ya kwanza ya Julius Nyerere UNO, New York 1955


''Ilikuwa wakati Nyerere yuko Musoma ndipo John Hatch kutoka Chama cha Labour cha Uingereza alipokuja Tanganyika kama mgeni wa TANU. Chama kilifanya mkutano mkubwa sana Mnazi Mmoja na Hatch akawahutubia wananchi. Inakisiwa takriban wanachama wa TANU na mashabiki wake jumla yao kiasi watu elfu ishirini walijitokeza kwenye mkutano huo. Ali Mwinyi Tambwe alikuwa mkalimani wa Hatch. Denis Phombeah pamoja na katibu mkuu wa TANU, Oscar Kambona vilevile walihutubia halaiki ile. Hatch akiwa anaunga mkono ukombozi wa watu weusi aligundua kuwa TANU haikuwa na tawi la akina mama. Katika dhifa ya chai iliyoandaliwa na TANU kwa heshima yake, Hatch alilieleza tatizo hili kwa Schneider Plantan na John Rupia. Hatch alimwambia Schneider kwamba ili kuwa na chama chenye nguvu TANU isiwaache akina mama nyuma. Hatch alimwambia Schneider kwamba huko Uingereza Chama cha Labour kilikuwa kimejikita kwa wanawake kama moja ya nguzo yake kuu.''



1955
''Mkutano mkuu wa mwaka wa TANU ulifanyika katika ukumbi wa Hindu Mandal mjini Dar es Salaam. Siku kabla ya mkutano TANU ilimwalika Gavana Edward Twining kwenye tafrija katika Ukumbi wa Arnatouglo lakini alikataa kistaarabu na akamtuma Chief Secretary, Bruce Hutt, kumwakilisha. Baada ya mkutano, wakati wajumbe wengine wanaondoka kurudi kwenye majimbo yao, Mpunga na Mnjawale walibakia nyuma kukutana na uongozi wa makao makuu wa Julius Nyerere, Sheikh Suleiman Takadir, John Rupia, Ali Mwinyi Tambwe, Said Chamwenyewe, Oscar Kambona na wengineo. Mpunga na Mnjawale waliwafahamisha viongozi wa makao makuu kuhusu hali mbaya ya siasa Jimbo la Kusini. Mbali na kampeni za kuipinga TANU za Mponda, katika ziara yake Lindi Gavana Twining aliwatahadharisha Waafriika wa Tanganyika wasijihusishe na ‘’wafanya fujo wanaotaka kuzusha vurugu.’’ Twining alikuwa akitoa onyo hili akiikusudia TANU ambayo ilikuwa imeanzishwa mwaka uliopita. Hotuba hii ya Gavana iliwatisha wananchi kujiunga na TANU. Mpunga na Mnjawale walisisitiza kuwa kuja kwa Nyerere mjini Lindi kulitakiwa haraka sana kukabiliana na vyote viwili, kwanza ile hotuba ya gavana na pili zile kampeni za kupinga TANU zilizokuwa zikiendeshwa na Liwali Yustino Mponda.'' 

Mkutano wa kwanza wa TANU Hindu Mandal Hall, Dar es Salaam 24 Oktoba 1955

''Wakati huo Abeid Amani Karume aliyehudhuria ule mkutano alimwalika Nyerere afanye ziara Zanzibar. Kitu cha kustaajabbisha ni kuwa, Nyerere alionekana kuiafiki zaidi ziara ya Zanzibar kuliko ile safari ya kwenda kusini kuiimarisha TANU. Mpunga alimsisitizia Nyerere umuhimu wa yeye kwenda Lindi ambako kunaweza kuwa ndiyo chanzo cha TANU kupata ufanisi Newala, Songea, Tunduru na Masasi ambako kulikuwa na upinzani mkubwa dhidi ya TANU. Kanisa lilikuwa likiwazuia Wakristo kujiunga na TANU. Sheikh Suleiman Takadir, Said Chamwenye, John Rupia, Ali Mwinyi Tambwe wote waliunga mkono ule ujumbe wa Lindi juu ya suala hili. Baada ya kufikia makubaliano, Mpunga na Mnjawale walipewa barua ya kuthibitisha safari ya Nyerere.  Ziara ya Nyerere ilikuwa ianze muda mfupi kutokea hapo kwa kuwa ilikuwa ndiyo siku za mwisho za kiangazi. Barabara sehemu ya kusini ya Tanganyika zilikuwa hazipitiki wakati wa masika, zikiitenga kabisa kusini toka sehemu zilizobaki za nchi. Ali Mwinyi Tambwe na Rajab Diwani walifuatana na Nyerere kwenda Jimbo la Kusini kuondoa wasiwasi na woga uliozushwa na Gavana Twining na kibaraka Yustino Mponda.''

Abeid Amani Karume

''Julius Nyerere, Ali Mwinyi Tambwe na Rajabu Diwani waliwasili Mikindani kutoka Lindi siku ya Jumamosi. Kabla ya kuwasili ujumbe huo, kazi kubwa kuliko zote waliyokuwanayo uongozi wa TANU Mikindani ilikuwa kutafuta mahali pa kumlaza Nyerere. Walimwendea Ahmed Adam, Mnubi mmoja tajiri na mtu wa makamo, aliyemiliki nyumba moja ya fahari. Nyumba hii ilikuwa ya ghorofa moja na ilijengwa kwa mawe na chokaa. Ahmed Adam aliombwa awe mwenyeji wa Nyerere na ujumbe wake. Nyumba hii tayari lilikuwa na kisa chake. Ilijengwa na hayati kaka yake Ahmed Adam baada ya Vita Kuu ya Kwanza. Kaka yake alikuwa askari wa Kinubi aliyekuwa katika jeshi la Wajerumani. Huenda alichukuliwa Misri mwishoni mwa  mwa karne ya kumi na tisa na Wajerumani kuja Tanganyika kama mamluki katika jeshi la Wajerumani wakati wa vita vya Maji Maji. Baada ya vita alilipwa kiinua mgongo na serikali ya Ujerumani na kwa kutumia fedha hizo alijenga nyumba hiyo. Katika Vita Kuu ya Kwanza yeye alipigana katika jeshi la Wajerumani dhidi ya Waingereza. Baada ya vita Wajerumani wakiwa wameshindwa vita,  Waingereza waliitikadi nyumba hiyo kama mali ya adui wa himaya ya Kiingereza na kwa hiyo ilibidi itaifishwe. Hii ilikuwa ndiyo nyumba pekee iliyokuwa nzuri yenye kumilikiwa na Mwafrika na kwa ajili hii haikuweza kukosa kuhusudika.''

...imeandikwa kwa msaada wa mada iliyowasilishwa na Aisha Daisy Sykes katika semina ya historia Chuo Kikuu Cha Dar es Salaam mwaka wa 1968. Daisy aliandika mada hii kwa msaada wa baba yake Abdulwahid Sykes, kutokana na mswada ulioandikwa na Kleist Sykes. Angalia A.D. Sykes ‘’The Life of  Kleist Sykes,’’ University  of  Dar es Salaam Ref. No. JAN/HIST/143/15). Habari nyingine kuhusu Al Jamiatul Islamiyya zinatokana na mswada ulioandikwa na Tewa Said Tewa, ''A Probe Into the History of Islam in Tanganyika,'' (haujachapishwa). Habari nyingine zinatokana na maelezo ya Ali Mwinyi Tambwe aliyekuwa katibu wa Al Jamiatul Islamiyya fi Tanganyika katika miaka ya mwanzo ya 1940. Historia ya Nyerere na siasa za Jimbo la Kusini (Lindi) 1955 maelezo kutoka kwa Ali Mwinyi TambweYusuf Chembera na Salum Mpunga. Taarifa nyingine kutoka kwa Nyaraka za Sykes.

Monday, 3 July 2017


Waasisi wa TANU 1954


Kushoto wa pili aliyekaa ni Mashado Ramadhani Plantan
Kushoto waliosimama wa kwanza Mwalimu Mdachi Shariff

Kuna mtaa Dar es Salaam sisi tulimezaliwa tumeukuta ukiitwa Stanley Street. Baada ya kupatikana uhuru mtaa huu ukabadilishwa jina ukaitwa Aggrey Street kisha baadae wakati marehemu Kitwana Kondo alipokuwa Meya wa Jiji la Dar es Salaam ukabadilishwa tena jina ukaitwa Mtaa wa Max Mbwana. Mtaa huu umepewa majina ya watu maarufu watatu ambao wote wamekuwa na uhusiano wa kihistoria kuanzia Tanganyika hadi kufika Tanzania. Henry Morton Stanley ndiye aliyetumwa kuja Tanganyika kumtafuta David Livingstone na akamkuta Ujiji. Dr. Aggrey alikuwa Mwafrika kutoka Ghana. Umaarufu wake unatokana na kuwa yeye alikuja Tanganyika mwaka wa 1924 akiwa mmoja wa wajumbe wa kamisheni iliyokuja Tanganyika kuja kuchunguza elimu ya Waafrika. Wajumbe wengine wote waliobakia katika kamisheni hii walikuwa Wazungu. Kleist Sykes anaeleza katika mswada wa maisha yake alioandika kabala ya kifo chake mwaka wa 1949 kuwa alikuwa Dr.Aggrey ndiye aliyemtia hima aunde African Association. Dr. alimpa Kleist ushauri huu baada ya kutambua kuwa Waafrika wa Tanganyika hawakuwa na umoja wao, wakati Wazungu, Waasia na Waarabu wote tayari walikuwa na jumuia zao. Katika mswada wake ule Kleist anasema kuwa Waafrika waliwakiishwa na Father Gibbons kutoka Misheni ya Minaki ambae yeye anastaajabu kwa kuwa hakuwa na uhusiano wala muiingiliano wowote na Waafrika wa Tanganyika.


Father Gibbons ni huyo wa kwanza waliosimama kushoto

Kwa sifa hii ya Aggrey kuja Tanganyika akiwa Mwafrika msomi  Jiji la Dar es Salaam wakabadili jina la Stanley na kuliweka jina la Dr. Aggrey. Kitwana Kondo akiwa Meya wa Dar es Salaam akabadili tena jina la mtaa kutoka Aggrey ukaitwa Mtaa wa Max Mbwana. Mzee Max Mbwana alikuwa mmoja wa wazee maarufu wa Dar es Salaam waliounga mkono harakati za kuunda TANU na kupigania uhuru wa Tanganyika.  


Baraza la Wazee wa TANU 1950s


1.        Abdallah Shomari (Tandamti Street No. 3)
2.       Nassoro kalumbanya (simba str.)
3.        Said Chamwenyewe (Aggrey/Congo Street)
4.       Mtoro Ally (Muhonda Street.)
5.       John Rupia (Misheni Kota)
6.        Julius Nyerere( Pugu Sekondari)
7.       Said Chaurembo (Congo/Mkunguni Street.)
8.       Jumbe Tambaza( Upanga)
9.       Sheikh Suleiman Takadir (Mafia /Swahili)
10.    Dossa Aziz ( Mbaruku /Somali Kipande Street )
11.      Mshume Kiyate (Tandamti Street)
12.     Juma Sultan (Kitchwele karibu na kanisa dogo )
13.     Maalim Shubeti (Masasi/Likoma Street)
14.     Rajab Simba (Kiungani Street)
15.     Waziri Mtonga (Kilosa no. 18, Ilala)
16.     Mwinjuma Mwinyikambi (Mwananyamala)
17.     Maxi Mbwana ( Aggrey /Kongo  Street)
18.     Usia Omari (Sungwi ,Kisarawe) 
19.     Sheikh Issa Nasir (Bagamoyo) 
Kulia wa pili waliokaa Sheikh Suleilan Takadir Mwenyekiti wa Baraza la Wazee wa TANU 1954 - 1958) 
(Swahili/Kariakoo Street)

Muhimu kufahamika ni kuwa Jiji la Dar es Salaam lilipotoa jina la mtaa wa huu kwa Dr. Aggrey hawakutoa kwa kuenzi ile fikra yake ya kuwataka Waafrika waunde African Association. La hasha, jina la mtaa lilitolewa kwa ile sifa yake ya yeye kuwa Mwafrika msomi aliyefika Tanganyika wakati ule wa ukoloni. Max Mbwana alipewa mtaa kwa mchango wake katika kuunga mkono TANU na kupigania uhuru wa Tanganyika. 


Mayor Kitwana Selemani Kondo

Kushoto: Mwinjuma Mwinyikambi, Max Mbwana Julius Nyerere na Mshume Kiyate, 1962
Historia ya TANU inaanza hapa alipofika Dr. Aggrey Tanganyika na kumshauri Kleist na wenzake kuanzisha umoja wa Waafrika wa Tanganyika. Hata hivyo ilimchukua Kleist miaka mitano hadi 1929 kuasisi African Association akiwa katibu muasisi na rais muasisi akiwa Cecil Matola. Mkutano wa kuunda African Association ulifanyika nyumbani kwa Cecil Matola Mtaa wa Ndanda na Masasi. Nyumba hii baadae ikaja kununuliwa na John Rupia na ipo hadi leo. Waliokusanyika pale kuasisi African Association walikuwa Kleist Sykes, Cecil Matola, Mzee bin Sudi, Ibrahim Hamis, Zibe Kidasi, Ali Said Mpima, Suleiman Majisu, Raikes Kusi na Rawson Watts. Hili lilikuwa kundi la wazalendo tisa walioanza kufunga safari ngumu ya kuelekea New Street kuja kuunda TANU tarehe 7 Julai 1954. Bahati mbaya sana ni kuwa wazalendo hawa hawafahamiki katika historia ya Tanganyika na kwa hakika historia hii isingelijulikana kama Kleist asingeandika historia ya maisha yake. 
Kleist Sykes (1894 - 1949)

Kushoto: John Rupia, Julius Nyerere na Zuberi Mtemvu
Waliosimama nyuma ni Bantu Group kikundi cha walinzi wa viongozi wa TANU na wahamasishaji na nyuma yao wa kwanza mwenye shati jeupe ni Ali Msham mzalendo wa kwanza kufungua tawi la TANU Magomeni Mapipa 1955


Mswada wake huu ulichukua miaka 24 hadi 1973 kufikia kuchapwa na kama si juhudi za John Iliffe mswada ungebaki kama ulivyoandikwa na mwishowe kutoweka kama zilivyotoweka nyaraka nyingi katika historia ya Waafrika wa Tanganyika. Mswada huu ulichapwa katika kitabu alichohariri Iliffe, ‘’Modern Tanzanians,’’ Kilichopigwa chapa na Tanzania Publishing House. Nyaraka hizi za Sykes zimesaidia sana katika kuhifadhi si historia hii ya African Association bali hata historia ya TANU. Abdul Sykes alimpa mswada huu pamoja na nyaraka nyingine binti yake Daisy, wakati ule mwanafunzi Chuo Kikuu Cha Dar es Salaam na kupitia nyaraka hizi mwalimu wake wa historia, John Ilife aliweza kujua mengi ambayo yalimsaidia katika kuiandika kwa uhakika historia ya African Association. Nyaraka hizi ndizo nyaraka pekee zilizoweza kuhifadhiwa kutoka kwa waasisi wa African Association waliokuwapo kati ya mwaka wa 1929 hadi 1954 ilipokuja kuasisiwa TANU.



Erika Fiah 


Mswada wake huu ulichukua miaka 24 hadi 1973 kufikia kuchapwa na kama si juhudi za John Iliffe mswada ungebaki kama ulivyoandikwa na mwishowe kutoweka kama zilivyotoweka nyaraka nyingi katika historia ya Waafrika wa Tanganyika. Mswada huu ulichapwa katika kitabu alichohariri Iliffe, ‘’Modern Tanzanians,’’ Kilichopigwa chapa na Tanzania Publishing House. Nyaraka hizi za Sykes zimesaidia sana katika kuhifadhi si historia hii ya African Association bali hata historia ya TANU. Abdul Sykes alimpa mswada huu pamoja na nyaraka nyingine binti yake Daisy, wakati ule mwanafunzi Chuo Kikuu Cha Dar es Salaam na kupitia nyaraka hizi mwalimu wake wa historia, John Ilife aliweza kujua mengi ambayo yalimsaidia katika kuiandika kwa uhakika historia ya African Association. Nyaraka hizi ndizo nyaraka pekee zilizoweza kuhifadhiwa kutoka kwa waasisi wa African Association waliokuwapo kati ya mwaka wa 1929 hadi 1954 ilipokuja kuasisiwa TANU.

African Association kabla ya Vita Kuu ya Pili (1914 – 1938) ilipitia misukukosuko mingi ya uongozi. Viongozi wenyewe kwa wenyewe walikuwa wanagombana kwa kupishana mitazamo na migongano ya haiba. Maarufu katika migongano hii ni ugomvi wa mwaka wa 1933 kati ya Kleist na Erika Fiah ikapelekea Kleist kususa chama kabisa hadi alipoandikiwa barua na Mzee bin Sudi aliyoainza kwa ‘’Bismillah RahamanRahim, ‘’ akimuomba Kleist arejee kwenye chama. Mzee bin Sudi wakati ule alikuwa ndiyo rais wa African Asociation.  Erika Fiah alikuwa Mganda aliyeingia Tanganyika na majeshi ya Uingereza katika Vita Vya Kwanza. Huyu Fiah alikuwa na fahamu nzuri sana na inaaminika ni katika ‘’ma-leftist,’’ wa mwanzo, watu walioingiza siasa za kikomunisti Tanganyika. Erika Fiah alikuwa na gazeti lake mwenyewe, ‘’Kwetu,’’ na yeye binafsi akiwa mhariri.

Gazeti hili lilikuwa mfupa wa kooni kwa serikali ya Kiingereza. Fiah alikuwa bingwa wa vijembe na wakati mwingine hata kwa Waafrika wenzake na aliyepata kipigo hiki sana alikuwa Kleist. Yawezekana kwa ajili ya biashara alizokuwanazo Kleist na kutokana na msimamo mkali wa Fiah kama mtu wa mrengo wa kushoto, Fiah alihisi Kleist hakufaa kuongoza African Association kwa ule ‘’ubepari wake.’’ Vijembe vya Fiah katika gezeti lake vikawa havipungui ndani ya kurasa za Kwetu. Fiah katika hamasa zake alipata kujaribu hata kuwaunganisha wakulima na wafanyakazi wa Tanganyika dhidi ya Waingereza. Juu ya hali hii ya siasa mjini Dar es Salaam lakini mahafali hawa wawili wote kwa macho ya wenyewe wenyeji wenye mji wao wa Dar es Salaam kama Wazaramo, Wamashomvi, Wandengereko na Warufiji hawa walikuwa, ‘’watu wa kuja,’’ wakiwaona hodari wa kujitiatia katika mambo kutaka wao siku zote wawe viongozi. Ukiangalia utaona jinsi ukoloni ulivyokuwa na uhodari wa kuwagawa watu ili watawaliwe kirahisi.

 Thomas Saudtz Plantan

Ndani ya uongozi wa African Association kulikuwa na watoto wa askari wa Kizulu waliokuja na Herman Von Wissman kutoka Mozambique na Sudan mwishoni mwa miaka ya 1800. Hawa walikuwa akina Kleist Sykes, watoto wa Plantan kama Thomas, Schneider na Mashado;  na  Hassan Machakaomo. Kulikuwa na Wanubi kama Ibrahim Hamisi na Wamanyema kama Mzee bin Sudi. Fiah hulka yake hii ya kuwashambulia wenzake ili furtu ada pale alipomshambulia Martin Kayamba alipokufa katika taazia aliyoaindika na kumweleza Kayamba kama kibaraka wa Waingereza ambae wananchi wa Tanganyika hawakunufaika no lolote kutola kwake si kwa elimu yake wala madaraka makubwa aliyopewa na Waingereza. Fiah alikuwa kiboko.

Hawa watoto wa Kizulu na Kinubi walisomeshwa katika shule za Kijerumani na wakawa wanasema Kijerumani kama maji. Hii iliwanyanyua na wakawa katika ule ukoloni wao wana nafasi nzuri katika jamii ya kuweza kuwa na kazi za maana ukilinganisha na mathalan, Wamashomvi waliokuwa maarufu kwa biashara ya soko ,(kiasi kuwepo kwa msemo kuwa, ‘’Mmashomvi mmoja hawezi kufunga soko,’’)na Wandengereko. Hapa tayari tabaka lilikuwa lishajengeka. Palikuwa na magomvi mengi baina ya hawa watu, ‘’wakuja,’’ na ‘’wenye mji,’’ kufikia hadi kugombana katika Al Jamiatul Islamiyya fi Tanganyika ambao ulikuwa umoja wa Waislam wa Tanganyika chama ambacho Kleist alikiasisi mwaka wa 1933 akiwa katibu muasisi na Mzee bin Sudi akiwa rais. Hali hii ya sintofahamu iliwafurahisha mno Waingereza kwani vita vya panzi furaha kwa kunguru. Sasa ikiwa siasa zilikuwa hivi  vipi watu hawa watajiunga kuunda cha kimoja cha siasa chenye nguvu kupambana na ukoloni? Waswahili wana msemo, ‘’Mungu si Athumani.’’ Waingereza watajikwaa na huku kujikwaa kwao ndiko kutawaleta Waafrika wa nchi nzima kuwa kitu kimoja. In Shaa Allah tutafika huko baadae.



Kulia: Abdul Sykes na mdogo wake Ally wakiwa Burma
Vita Kuu ya Dunia

Lakini huu ushawishi wa Wazulu na Wamanyema katika African Association haukumalizika haraka hata kidogo ingawa kufikia baada ya Vita Kuu ya Pili wakati sasa wasomi wa Makerere walipoanza kujiingiza katika siasa katika TAA misuguano hii ya ‘’uzawa,’’ pole pole na kwa taratibu ikaanza kupotea kwani upepo mpya ulikuwa unavuma Afrika. Waafrika walianza kuwaza kudai nchi yao na vijana wa Makerere walitegemewa kwingi kama wangeliongoza vita hivi. Lakini Makao Makuu ya TAA New Street palikuwa bado na uongozi wa wazee wa enzi ya Wajerumani na uongozi huu ulikuwa umechoka. Rais alikuwa Mwalimu Thomas Plantan na Katibu wake alikuwa Clement Mtamila. Uongozi huu haukupigwa vita na watu kutoka mbali la hasha. Schneider Abdillah Plantan mdogo wake Mwalimu Thomas Plantan alisimama kidete kuona kuwa TAA inashikwa na vijana. Uongozi huu uliangushwa na Dr. Vedasto Kyaruzi akachaguliwa katika Ukumbi wa Arnautoglo rais wa TAA na Abdul Sykes Katibu. Kaondoka Mzulu, Mwalimu Thomas Plantan katika uongozi ambae alikuwa ni baba yake Abdul katika ukoo akaingia Abdul mtoto wa Kleist ambae yeye ni Mwalimu Thomas Plantan ni ndugu yake na kuna wakati kwa kuwa Kleist alilelewa na Affande Plantan toka mtoto machanga baada ya baba yake kufa njiani wakati wakitoka katika kupigana na Chief Mkwawa Kalenga, Kleist akijulikana kama Kleist Plantan. Kigingi cha kuweka msingi wa kuunda TANU ulisimikwa kipindi hiki mwaka wa 1950 kwa fikra aliyokujanayo Abdul kutoka Burma akiwa askari wa King’s African Rifles (KAR).

Earle Seaton na Mwalimu Julius Nyerere


Mwaka huu wa 1950 utaingia katika historia kuwa ndiyo mwaka ambao viongozi wa TAA waliikabili serikali ya kikoloni na mapendekezo ya kutaka wakabidhiwe nchi yao kama sheria za nchi zilizokuwa chini ya Udhamini wa Umoja wa Mataifa zinavyoelekeza. Tanganyika ilikuwa Mandate Territory chini ya uangalizi wa Uingereza na wakati wakiwa tayari kujitawala Waingereza sharia iliwalazima kuipa Tanganyika uhuru wake. Hiki ni kisa kirefu kukieleza lakini muhimu ni kueleza kuwa uongozi wa Dr. Kyaruzi na Abdul Sykes uliunda ndani ya TAA Political Subcommittee ambayo ilipeleka kwa Gavana Edward Francis Twining mapendekezo ya katiba yaliyoshauri Tanganyika ipewe uhuru wake baada ya miaka 13 huku kukiwa na uchaguzi wa kura moja mtu mmoja katika kuchagua wajumbe wa LEGCO. 


Image may contain: 1 person, closeup
Hamza Kibwana Mwapachu


Wajumbe wa Kamati Ndogo ya Siasa katika TAA walikuwa Mufti wa Tanganyika Sheikh Hassan bin Amir, Abdul Sykes, Hamza Kibwana Mwapachu, Sheikh Said Chaurembo, Dr. Vedasto Kyaruzi, Stephen Mhando na John Rupia. Katika kamati hii alikuwapo mjumbe mmoja ambae hakuwa akitokeza lakini yeye ndiye alikuwa mshauri mkuu katika mambo yote ya sheria na katiba kuhusiana na Nchi Chini ya Udhamini wa Umoja wa Mataifa. Mtu huyu jina lake lilikuwa Earle Seaton.


Kushoto Mwandishi akiwa na Dome Okochi Ruiru, Nairobi 1972

Mwaka wa 1952 Wazungu Meru waliwadhulumu Wameru ardhi yao na Wameru walikataa kudhulumiwa. Kaimu Rais na Katibu wa TAA Abdul Sykes alimuomba Earle Seaton atoe msaada kwa Meru Citizens’ Union chama kilichokuwa kinaongozwa na Japhet Kirilo kupinga dhula ile na Seaton akiongozana na Japhet Kirilo walifikisha malalamiko yao UNO na Kirilo alizungumza mbele ya Kamati ya Udhamini, Seaton akiwa mkalimani wake. Wameru hawakupewa haki yao na hapa ndipo walipojikwaa Waingereza. Abdul Sykes aliunda kamati iliyomjumuisha mdogo wake Abbas Sykes, Saadan Abdu Kandoro na Japhet Kirilo iliyotembea nchi nzima kueleza dhulma ile na madhila mengine ya ukoloni. Suala la ardhi ya Wameru liliwasha moto nchi nzima. Fikra ya kuunda chama cha siasa aliyokuwanayo Abdul Sykes, Ally Sykes, Hamza Mwapachu na wazalendo wengine pale Makao Makuu ya TAA New Street ikawa sasa imepata mahali pa kushika. Yako mengi katika historia hii ya kuundwa kwa TANU lakini si rahisi kueleza yote hapa. Inatosha kueleza kuwa Nyerere alipofika nyumbani kwa Abdul Sykes mwaka wa 1952 akiwa na barua ya utambulisho kutoka kwa Hamza Mwapachu hali ya siasa Tanganyika ilikuwa kama moto wa makumbi ukiwaka chini kwa chini.

Mwaka wa 1953 ulifanyika Uchaguzi wa kuwania urais wa TAA. Julius Nyerere alikuwa anagombea nafasi ile dhidi ya Abdul Sykes aliyekuwa kaimu rais baada ya Kyaruzi kuhamishwa Dar es Salaaam ili kupunguza nguvu ya TAA. Uchaguzi huu ulikuwa tarehe 17 April kwenye Ukumbi wa Arnautoglo. Nyerere alishinda kwa kura chache sana. Hiki ni kisa cha kusisimua sana lakini hapa nafasi haitoshi kukieleza. Ila inatosha kusema kuwa safari ya kuelekea Saba Saba 1954 kuunda TANU ilikuwa imewiva. Mwaka ule wa 1953 viongozi wa TAA walikuwa hawa wafuatao: J. K. Nyerere, Rais, Abdulwahid Sykes, Makamu wa Rais; J. P. Kasella Bantu, Katibu Mkuu; Alexander M. Tobias na Waziri Dossa Aziz, Katibu wa pamoja wa muhtasari; Wajumbe wa kamati: Dr Michael Lugazia, Hamisi Diwani, Tewa Said Tewa, Denis Phombeah, Z. James, Dome Okochi, C. Ongalo na Patrick Aoko.


Mwaka wa 1954 tarehe 7 Julai, 1954, TAA ilikutana Makao Makuu New Street kujadili katiba mpya ya chama kipya cha siasa - TANU. Jimbo la Mashariki ambalo liliwakilishwa na, ndugu wawili Abulwahid na Ally Sykes, Dossa Aziz, Tewa Said Tewa, Patrick Kunambi, Kasella Bantu, John Rupia, Julius Nyerere na C. O. Milinga; Jimbo la Kaskazini liliwakilishwa na na Joseph Kimalando na Japhet Kirilo; Jimbo la Ziwa liliwakilishwa na Abubakar Kilanga, L. M. Makaranga. Katika wanachama 17 waasisi, 9 kati yao walitoka Makao Makuu, 5 walitoka Jimbo la Ziwa, 1 alitoka Jimbo la Magharibi na 2 Jimbo la Kaskazini. Huu ukawa ndiyo mwisho wa safari iliyoanza mwaka wa 1924 na Dr. Aggrey alipomshauri Kleist Sykes kuunda Umoja wa Waafrika wa Tanganyika ambao Kleist aliuunda African Association mwaka wa 1929 akishirikiana na wenzake wengi wao wakiwa marafiki zake.

Waasisi wa TANU 7 Julai, 1954


Kulia Daisy Abdulwahid Sykes na Mwandishi Daisy akiwa ameshika kitabu cha maisha ya baba yake
Abdulwahid Sykes (1924 - 1968) alichoandika Mwandishi