Showing posts with label makala. Show all posts
Showing posts with label makala. Show all posts

Sunday, 6 August 2017



Mubindi,
Suala la takwimu nchi petu baina ya Waislam na Wakristo ni jambo nyeti
sana na kwa hakika Afrika yote hili ni jambo linaloleta ubishani mkubwa
sana.

Wakati naandika kitabu cha Abdul Sykes ilifika mahali lazima hili suala
nilizungumze.

Naweka hapo chini kile nilichosema:

''According to the 1957 population census, Muslims outnumbered Christians at a ratio of three to two. This, at that time, meant that Tanzania was a leading Muslim nation South of the Sahara. But in the first post-independence census of 1967 the total figures for Tanzania Mainland were 32% Christian, 30% Muslim and 37% local belief (August H. Nimtz Jr, Islam and Politics in East Africa, University of Minneapolis, 1980, p.11). These figures show Pagans as a leading majority in Tanzania. The 1967 census has not been able to show the reasons for the sudden decrease of Muslim population nor the growth of animists amidst believers in the span of the last ten years.

This was the last population census showing religious distribution.

Unfortunately power sharing in the political system in Tanzania is very much skewed against Muslims, although it is known that the stability of any nation depends on proper balancing of these facts. Different sources provide different Muslim -Christian religious distribution figures. These conflicting figures are as a result of sensitivity of the issue. Among African countries with sizable population of Muslims and Christians, like Tanzania and Nigeria,[1] the inquiry as to which faith commands a leading majority, is a source of potential conflict and controversy. Tanzania is of no exception. D.B. Barret[2]gives figures which show Muslims as a minority in Tanzania. The Muslim population is purported to be 26%, Christian 45%, local belief 28%. Tanzania National Demographic Survey figures for 1973 put Muslims in Tanzania slightly above Christians at 40%, Christians 38.9% and local belief 21.1%. But according to Africa South of The Sahara, [3] Muslims in Tanzania are a leading majority at 60%. This figure has remained constant in all its publications since 1982. Since research by Tanzanian Muslims on Islam is scant or almost non-existent, the issue of Muslim population has yet to be tackled from an Islamic point of view. [4]

Distribution of authority and power sharing is a factor which should not have been a cause of conflict in independent African countries. Ironically this has become a point of controversy only under indigenous governments.

It is a sensitive issue because ethnicity, religious identity and clanship is an important factor in independent African states. Power distribution and numerical strength has also to be reflected in the sharing of political power along those lines.

During colonial rule, distribution of power under ethnicity and religious bias in Africa by colonising powers were not perceived as so serious a breach of trust by subjects as to warrant civil upheavals.

Fortunately tribalism is not pronounced in Tanzania, but religion has been a factor of discrimination since colonial days.''

[1] Ali A. Mazrui, ‘African Islam and Competitive Religion: Between Revivalism and Expansion’, in Third World Quarterly Vol. 10. No. 2 April, 1988, pp. 499-518.
[2] D.B.Barret, Frontier Situations for Evangelisation in Africa ,Nairobi, 1976.
[3] Africa South of The Sahara, Europa Publication, London, No. 20, 1991, p. 1027.
[4]The only conclusive Muslim research is by Dar es Salaam University Muslim Trustee (DUMT), see 'The Position of Muslims and Islam in Tanzania', in Al Haq International (Karachi) September/October 1992.

Bahati mbaya nimeandika haya katika Kiingereza lakini tunaweza tukafanya mjadala kwa Kiswahili.

Katika hayo niliyoweka hapo juu nimefuta kipengele kimoja kinachosema kuwa takwimu za sensa ya mwisho iliyokuwa na kipengele cha dini ''zilichezewa.''

Nimekifuta makusudi kwa kuwa ingawa ipo ''citation,'' nina hakika kitasababisha mapambano makali hapa jamvini.

Sasa turudi latika hizi takwimu za CIA.

Nilikuwa nafanya mhadhara Chuo Kikuu Cha Iowa, Marekani kuhusu ''Uislam
na Siasa Tanzania Historia ya TANU na Uhuru wa Tanganyika.''

Katika mhadhara ule nilieleza sababu za Waislam katika takriban miaka 20
iliyopita kuwa na maandamano na mapambano ya mara kwa mara na serikali.

Nikaeleza sababu kuu ni kuwa Waislam wamekuwa pembeni katika elimu na
hivyo kuwa pembeni katika kugawana madaraka ya kuendesha nchi.

Waislam walitaka hili liangaliwe na serikali kwani ipo harufu ya hujuma.

Katika kipindi cha maswali na majibu na ilipobaki kama dakika tatu hivi nihitimishe,
ndipo likaja swali hili lililokuwa na takwimu za CIA na muulizaji alikuwa profesa wa
historia akasema kuwa wakipatacho Waislam wa Tanzania hiyo ndiyo haki yao kwa
kuwa wao ni wachache, yaani ni ''minority.''

Hili swali naamini liliwekwa hadi mwisho kwa kuwa katika mazungumzo yale walitaabika sana ni historia ya uhuru niliyokuwa nawafunulia, historia ya wazalendo Waislam katika kupambana na ukoloni, historia ambayo kwao wao ilikuwa ngeni.

Wao walizoea mihadhara ya kuja na historia rasmi iliyomtaja Mwalimu Nyerere 
peke yake kuwa ndiyo aliyoikomboa Tanganyika kutoka kwa Waingereza.

Hawakutaka nitoke pale kichwa juu kifua mbele walitaka wanifedheheshe kwa hizi
takwimu za CIA zinazonyesha kuwa Tanzania ina Waislam wachache na mambo
yote ni shwari ila kwa vurugu hizi za, ''Waislam wa siasa kali.''

Historia yangu ilikuwa imewahuzunisha.

Katika hadhira ile alikuwapo Prof. James Giblin aliyafanya utafiti na kuandika kitabu
kuhusu Vita Vya Maji Maji.

Alikuwapo pia Prof. Michael Lofchie aliyeandika kitabu kuhusu Mapinduzi ya Zanzibar, ''Revolution in Zanzibar,'' na hawa wote wameishi Tanzania na wanaijua vyema.

[​IMG]
Prof. Michael Lofchie

[​IMG]
Prof. James Giblin

Jibu langu kwao halikuwa kwangu mimi kugonganisha takwimu zangu kama zilivyo
katika kitabu cha Abdul Sykes, na takwimu zao za CIA, la hasha.

Mimi nilijibu swali lao kwa kuwauliza wao swali.

Niliwaambia kuwa naomba wanionyeshe nchi yoyote duniani katika historia yao
wananchi walio pungufu yaani, ''minority,'' walionyanyuka na silaha mikononi
kupambana na taifa lililoingia katika nchi yao kwa nia ya kuwatawala.

Nikawarejesha katika hitoria ya Vita Vya Maji Maji na kuwaambia wafanye rejea
na waangalie ni nani waliunda majeshi ya kupambana na Wajerumani.

Nikawakumbusha kisa cha Sultani Abdulrauf Songea Mbano wa Wangoni
alivyonyongwa na Wajerumani kwa kuongoza vita dhidi yao.

Nikawaambia wafanye tena rejea waangalie harakati za siasa za uhuru zilipoanza
baada ya Vita Vya Pili Vya Dunia (1938 - 1945) ni nani walikuwa mstari wa mbele
katika, ''nationalist politics,'' Tanganyika?

Kweli inawezekana adui aingie katika nchi bila ya ridhaa ya wenye nchi na ikawa
walionyanyuka kupinga uvamizi huu wakawa ni wale, ''minority?''

''Majority,'' ya wenye nchi wako wako wapi hadi mapambano ya kuikomboa nchi iwe
mikononi kwa ''minority,'' na katika Tanganyika iwe Waislamu?

Ukumbi wote ulikuwa kimya.

Maprofesa wa historia ya Afrika walikuwa wanajaribu bila shaka kutafuta mfano
utakaoweza kupambana na hoja yangu.

Hawakuweza kuupata.

Nchi zote duniani mapambano ya ukombozi huongozwa na wale waliokuwa, ''majority.''

Nikamaliza kwa kusema kuwa sina ugomvi na takwimu za CIA lakini Waislam wa
Tanzania wanaujua ukweli.

Palepale Jonathon Glassman bingwa wa African History kutoka Northwestern University,
Evanston Chicago akaniomba niende chuoni kwake tukafanye madahalo kama ule
tuliofanya pale Universty of Iowa.

Glassman amekaa sana Pangani na Tanga mjini wakati anafanya utafiti wake na
kaandika kitabu ''Feats and Riots,'' anaijua vizuri Tanzania.

Nilikubali mwaliko na nilizungumza Northwestern University, Ukumbi wa Eduardo
Mondlane
.


Monday, 24 July 2017


Riziki Shahari: Mamlaka ya Bunge kikatiba siyaoni


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UKIJUA historia ya ujanani kwake alivyokuwa akisoma hadi alipohitimu elimu ya kidato cha tano katika Shule ya Wasichana ya Korogwe mwaka 1980, ndio utaelewa ni kwa nini leo Riziki Shahari Mngwali ametokea kuwa mwanamke mkakamavu asiyeyumba kimsimamo.
Nimebaini kuwa hivyo ndivyo alivyo Bi Riziki, mwanachama wa Chama cha Wananchi (CUF) na mbunge wa Viti Maalum.
Mama huyu, mzaliwa wa mwaka 1960, ni kiongozi shupavu aliyejijengea heshima kubwa tangu akiwa katika Bunge Maalum la Katiba (BMK) lililodumu kwa miaka miwili kuanzia mwaka 2013 mpaka 2014.
Bi Riziki ni mwingi wa maelezo yenye maneno mazito ambayo huachi kufikiri mara mbili ukiyasikia. Wala hana muhali akijisikia kusema.
Akiipata nafasi ya kusema jambo analolijua na kuliamini, husema hasa. Hafichi kitu na hana sababu ya kudanganya. Huwa anajitoa na kusema ukweli mtupu kinagaubaga.
Katika mahojiano mahsusi na MwanaHALISI yaliyofanyika Jumatano wiki iliyopita kwenye ofisi ya wabunge wa CUF jijini Dar es Salaam, mbunge huyo anasema ukakamavu wake ni wa asili tangu akiwa shule.
Anakumbuka visa mkasa vitatu vilivyomsukuma kuingia kwenye siasa. Mosi, anasema wakati akisoma kidato cha tano na sita katika shule ya wasichana Korogwe ya mkoani Tanga, walifundishwa somo la siasa iliyoelekeza namna ya kujiunga na Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM).
Pia jioni walipata mafunzo ya siasa ya lazima kutoka CCM yaliyojumuisha hata wale wanafunzi ambao hawakupangwa kusoma somo la siasa.
“Sikuona umuhimu wa kurudia kufundishwa kitu kimoja mara mbili. Nilihoji kuhusu hili na wakati wa mahafali ya kidato cha sita tukalazimishwa kufanyiwa sherehe pamoja na waliosoma mafunzo kuhusu CCM ambao hawakuwa wahitimu.
“Tulipohoji, tukanyimwa kadi ya uanachama ya CCM,” anasema Riziki.
Kadi hiyo anasema ndiyo iliyotumika kama kiambatanisho cha kujiunga na chuo kikuu na hata mafunzo ya kijeshi jambo amabalo anasema lilikuwa linawanyima haki ya kupata elimu kwa sababu tu ya kukosa kadi.
Kisa cha pili, anasema, ni wakati akituma maombi ya kuendelea na masomo ya elimu ya juu katika Chuo Kikuu cha Mzumbe, katika fomu za maombi ilitakiwa pia maelezo ya wajumbe wa CCM wa mtaa alioishi kuhusu ushiriki wake katika kujenga chama.
“Basi mama yangu akachukua zile karatasi na kuzipeleka kwa wajumbe. Wale wajumbe wakata niende mwenyewe. Mama akawambia kwa kuwa wananifahamu fika wangeweza tu kunijazia bila ya mimi kuwepo; wakagoma kujaza, nikashindwa kutuma maombi, badala yake nikaomba nafasi Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es Salaam. Nikapata,” anaeleza Riziki.
Je, Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es Salaam hakukuhitajika maelezo ya wajumbe wa shina wa CCM? Anasema, “Chuo Kikuu Dar es Salaam sikupata shida, wao walitaka tu kadi ya CCM ambayo nilikuwa nayo.”
Kisa cha tatu ni kilichomhusisha kada wa CCM. Alikuwa kiongozi ila hana uhakika ni ngazi ipi lakini anahisi alitoka wilayani. Anamkumbuka kuwa na kiburi. Alifika shuleni kwao Korogwe na kuitisha mkutano na kuanza kuwatisha.
Anasema kiongozi huyo aliwatisha kwamba angewaweka ndani kama wangehoji chochote kuhusu utawala au serikali na akawapa mfano namna alivyomweka ndani kijana mmoja baada ya kuhoji kwa nini walilazimishwa kusema “zidumu fikra za Mwalimu Nyerere.”
Kijana huyo alisema kwa mujibu wa Kiswahili fasaha, si sahihi kusema “zidumu fikra za Mwalimu Nyerere” wakati mwalimu alikuwa bado hai. Kauli hiyo ingefaa kutumika kama mwalimu angekuwa amekufa. Akaswekwa ndani.
“Hivi visa vitatu vilitosha kunifanya kuuchukia utawala wa CCM kwa kuwa niliona haukutoa uhuru. Ulikuwa kandamizi… nilitamani siku moja niingie kwenye siasa nitetee haki hata kama nisingekuwa kiongozi katika siasa,” anasema Riziki.
Kwa sasa Riziki ni mbunge, nafasi aliyoipata katika uchaguzi mkuu wa mwaka 2015 kupitia utaratibu uliowekwa na chama chake. Japo si mara yake ya kwanza kuwania nafasi hiyo. Mwaka 2005 aliomba lakini hakubahatika.
Anasema matarajio yake na anachokiona bungeni ni tofauti. Anavyoamini, uhuru na demokrasia pana ni muhimu ili nchi kufikia maendeleo.
Anasema “niliingia bungeni kwa hamu kweli nikidhani ni chombo kikubwa kinachowakilisha wananchi na kinachofanya maamuzi kwa kujitegemea. Lakini ni tofauti.”
“Nilitarajia sisi wabunge ni wawakilishi wa wananchi na wasimamizi wa serikali. Yale mamlaka ya kikatiba ya Bunge siyaoni katika bunge hili,” anasema.
Anatoa mfano kuwa wabunge wa upinzani wanapoihoji serikali au kuishauri, mara nyingi wanazuiwa. “Kiti cha spika au wabunge wa CCM wanatumika kuitetea serikali. Sio wajibu wao,” anaeleza Riziki.
Mbali na Bunge kutumika kama wakala wa serikali, Riziki anaona mbunge mmoja mmoja hapewi hadhi inayotakiwa kama mwakilishi wa mamilioni ya wananchi. Badala yake, hata hukumu dhidi yake zinatolewa kama mtu binafsi.
“Lakini bado sijakata tamaa. Vichwa makini vya wapinzani vilivyopo mle ndani (bungeni) vinanitia moyo. Hata wananchi nao wananitia moyo. Wanaelewa kila kitu kinachoendelea bungeni. Si wajinga,” anasema.
Akieleza hali ya demokrasia nchini, anasema “Ni mbaya. Huwezi kuwa na demokrasia bila ya kuruhusu midomo kuzungumza. Kinachofanyika sasa ni hofu, na makatazo ndiyo yametanda. Siasa ni maisha ya kila siku. Hakuna kipindi maalum cha kufanya siasa.”
Anasema utendaji wa serikali si mzuri. Unaweza kuwa na nia na mambo mazuri, lakini haufuati utaratibu, sheria na kanuni ambazo imejiwekea.
Riziki haachi kueleza athari za mgogoro wa uongozi ndani ya CUF, anaoamini uliasisiwa na Profesa Ibrahim Lipumba, aliyekuwa mwenyekiti wa chama hicho, kwa msaada wa vyombo vya serikali, ikiwemo ofisi ya Msajili wa Vyama vya Siasa.
“Mgogoro huu unatuathiri kiasi chake. Fedha za ruzuku zimezuiliwa kwa sababu ya suala hili. Wabunge na chama tunashindwa kuendesha shughuli za maendeleo katika majimbo ipasavyo. Tunalazimika kuchangishana mfukoni,” analalamika.
Riziki ni mtaalam wa Sayansi ya Siasa, elimu aliyoipata katika Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es Salaam ngazi ya Shahada mwaka 1982 hadi 1985. Pia ana Shahada ya Uzamili ya Masuala ya Kimataifa aliyoisomea katika Chuo Kikuu cha Colombia, Marekani.
Elimu ya sekondari alisoma shule ya wasichana Kisutu na elimu ya msingi aliipatia Shule ya Msingi Ilala Bungoni, Dar es Salaam mwaka 1967 hadi 1973.
Mwaka 1985/86 alifundisha Shule ya Sekondari ya Masjid Quba ya jijini Dar es Salaam. Riziki alifundisha masuala ya diplomasia mwaka 1986/2015 katika Chuo cha Diplomasia Kurasini Dar es Salaam, na baadhi ya aliowafundisha ni wabunge Nape Nnauye (Mtama), Marry Mwanjelwa (Viti Maalum) na Sixtus Mapunda (Mbinga Mjini).
TANBIHI: Makala hii iliyoandikwa na Pendo Omary ilichapishwa kwa mara ya kwanza na gazeti la MwanaHalisi katika toleo lake la tarehe 17 Julai 2017. 

Saturday, 17 June 2017


Utangulizi

Uzuri wa wa mitandao ya kijamii ni kuwa kila ajuaye kuandika na kutumia kompyuta ana nafasi ya yeye kusema alitakalo na wakati mwingine kuwajibu wale ambao hapo kale walikuwa na neno la mwisho. 

Gazeti moja limekerwa na kauli ya Mheshimiwa Riziki Shahari Mngwali Mbunge wa Mafia CUF na kiongozi wa wabunge wa CUF Bungeni na mmoja wa viongozi wa UKAWA kumweleza Maalim pamoja na sifa nyingine kuwa ni Mcha Mungu, wakati akichangia bajeti ya serikali. 

Hili la Ucha Mungu wa Maalim limewakera. 

Wanataka kujua wapi katoa nguvu hiyo ya kumpa sifa kubwa kama hiyo Maalim, Mheshimiwa Riziki kaitoa wapi. 

Swali langu ni kuwa ikiwa gazeti limekerwa na kauli tu ya Ucha Mungu wa Maalim wanasemaje kuhusu utakatifu na uenye kheri wa Mwalimu? 

Wamewahi kuhoji utakatifu na uenye kheri wa Mwalimu kama unavyotangazwa na Kanisa Katoliki au ndiyo kisa kile maarufu cha Baniani?  Onea buji ogopa gombe?





Msikilize Mh. Riziki hapo chini:
http://www.mohammedsaid.com/2017/06/mheshimiwa-riziki-shahari-mngwali-viti.html

Friday, 16 June 2017


Balozi wa Tanzania Israel Job Daudi Masima akijitambulisha kwa Rais wa Israel Reuven Rivlin

Monday, 12 June 2017






BI. RIZIKI SHAHARI MNGWALI MSOMI WA CHUO KIKUU CHA COLUMBIA NEW YORK NA NOTRE DAME INDIANA NA MLIMANI 

 August 20, 2016  0

MFAHAMU RIZIKI SHAHARI MNGWALI
MSOMI WA IVY LEAGUE SCHOOL


Mheshimiwa Riziki Shahari Mngwali alizaliwa tarehe 6 Mei 1960 kisiwani Mafia. Inataka uwe karibu yake kwa muda mrefu ndiyo uelewe uwezo aliojaaliwa na Mola wake. Ukimsikia akizungumza Kiswahili na ukiona haiba yake haitakujia hata kama huyu mwanamama aliye mbele yako ana ulimi wa kuzungumza lugha ya Kiingereza kwa hali ambayo si ya kawaida. Achilia mbali kuwa kichwani kwake amehifadhi shahada tatu moja kutoka Chuo Kikuu Cha Dar es Salaam na mbili kutoka Marekani, itakushangaza pia utakapomsikia anazungumza Kifaransa. Kwa kawaida madebe yaliyojaa huwa hayapigi kelele. 

Mh. Riziki Shahari Mngwali kabla ya kuingia Bungeni mwaka 2016 alikuwa Mhadhiri katika Mahusiano ya Kimataifa Chuo Cha Diplomasia na amepata kuwa Mkuu wa Idara kadhaa na pia Kaimu Mkuu wa chuo hicho. Mh. Riziki ni bingwa katika tasnia ya upatanishi wa migogoro katika ngazi ya kimataifa na amehudhuria mikutano mingi nje ya nchi akiwa kama mtaalamu kutoka Tanzania ukitoa ile ambayo imefanyika nchini.

Mh. Riziki Shahari Mngwali amekuwa mwanachama wa CUF toka chama kilipoanzishwa na hakutazama nyuma. Ndiyo kusema amekuwa ndani ya chama kwa miongo miwili. Mh. Riziki amepanda na kushuka na yote yaliyosibu CUF akilia kwenye majonzi na akicheka kwenye furaha. CUF imefaidika sana na elimu, uzoefu na ujuzi wake katika taaluma zote alizosomea kiasi alikuwa mjumbe wa Tume ya Mabadiliko ya Katiba akiwakilisha CUF. Halikadhalika ni mjumbe wa CUF katika Kamati ya Wataalamu wa UKAWA (UKAWA UTT). Mh. Rizika Shahari Mngwali ni Mwenyekiti wa Wabunge wa CUF kwenye Bunge la Jamhuri ya Muungano na pia ni Mkurugenzi wa Uchaguzi na Kaimu Mtendaji JUKE-CUF.

Mh. Riziki Shahari Mngwali ametembea nchi nyingi duniani pamoja na Marekani, Iran, Ufaransa, Belize, Uingereza, Zambia, Afrika Kusini, Msumbiji, Ethiopia, Sweden, Kenya, Uganda, Saudi Arabia, Estonia, Latvia na Lithuania.

Mh. Riziki Shahari Mngwali akiapa Bungeni


Mh. Riziki Shahari Mngwali akichangia masuala ya afya Bungeni


Mh. Riziki Shahari Mngwali akichangia kuhusu masheikh wa Zanzibar waliowekwa rumande Bara

Mh. Riziki Shahari akiwa Mkuu wa Chuo Cha Diplomasia na Mahusiano ya Kimataifa akiwa na aliyekuwa Waziri wa Mambo ya Nchi za Nje na Uhusiano
wa Kimataifa Benard Membe

Bi Riziki Shahari Mngwali akiwa na Bi. Ellie Spiegel Director of Programs International House siku alipotunukiwa shahada

Bi. Riziki akifanya mahojiano maalum na Mh. Ali Mzee aliyekuwa Mwenyekiti wa Baraza la Wawakilishi kwa ajili ya mada aliyowasilisha Umoja wa Nchi za Afrika (AU) Addis Ababa 2010
Bi. Riziki akiwa katika shughuli za chama

University of Dar-es-Salaam, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
College of Arts and Social Sciences (CASS) / College of Social Sciences (CoSS)
PhD Student in Political Science (International Relations) October 2010-July 2012
PhD Candidate in Political Science (International Relations) March 2015-Present

University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA
The Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies
Master of Arts in Peace Studies, August 2003

Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
School of International and Public Affairs
Master of International Affairs, May 1989

University of Dar-es Salaam, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Bachelor of Arts with Honours in International Relations, August 1985

OTHER COURSES AND TRAINING

Public Diplomacy, (On-line Course), February – April 2009
Diplo Foundation, Malta

Integration of ICT in Teaching and Learning, February 2006
Centre for Continuing Education, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania

Teaching Methodology, November 2005
Centre for Foreign Relations, Dar-es-Salaam (Conducted by the Centre for Continuing Education, University of Dar-es-Salaam)

Gender Mainstreaming, November 2004
MS-Training Centre for Development Co-operation, Arusha, Tanzania

Field work on communal conflicts: peasants vs. pastoralists, August 2003 – July 2004
Ulanga District, Morogoro Region, Tanzania

Conflict Resolution and Mediation Skills, April 1996
Centre for Foreign Relations / USIS, Dar-es Salaam, Tanzania

Basic Mediation Skills, September 1994
University of Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa

Advanced International Programme on Conflict Resolution, April - June 1992
Uppsala University, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala, Sweden

Field work on project design and evaluation, January 1989
CARE – Belize, Belize, Central America

United Nations Geneva Graduate Programme, July 1988
United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

Intensive French Programme, April – June 1984
University of Bujumbura, Bujumbura, Burundi
  
WORK EXPERIENCE

Constitutional Review Commission, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
Member (Commissioner), April 2012 – March 2014
·        One of the Thirty Members Presidential Commission.  With other Commissioners co-ordinated, collected and analysed public opinions, and submitted Draft Constitution to the President and the Constituent Assembly.

Centre for Foreign Relations, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
Acting Director of the Centre, December 2009 – December 2010
·        Chief Executive Officer and an overall in-charge of the Centre.  Supervised both the Academic and Administration directorates comprising of teaching, research and consultancy, and planning (human resources and finance) activities respectively.
Acting Director of Studies and Programmes, May 2007 – December 2009
·        Co-ordinate all academic activities at the Centre. Supervise teaching and research activities of 4 Academic Departments.  Assist and advise Director of the Centre in all matters related to academic activities including teaching, examinations and other quality control instruments.
Lecturer, Department of International Relations and Diplomacy, June 2005 – Present
·        Teach and conduct seminars on Contemporary Issues on Sub-Saharan Africa, International Relations, and International Conflict Resolution.  Teach some selected modules on some courses offered by other academic departments
Chairperson, Academic Review Committee, July 2004 – December 2006
·        Lead a team of five academic staff in reviewing CFR academic programmes and related instruments for full accreditation to Higher Education Accreditation Council (HEAC).
Head of Department and Lecturer, Dept of International Relations and Diplomacy 2004- June 05
 Department of Area Studies and Politics 1989 – July 2004
·  Taught Area Studies on the Middle East and North Africa, as well as International Relations and Conflict Resolution
·        Coordinated teaching and managed department

Tutorial Assistant, June 1986 – January 1987
·        Prepared and facilitated discussion sessions for Theories of International Relations
·        Taught elementary and intermediate French

Tanzania Conflict Resolution Centre (NGO), Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
Secretary General (unpaid), 1997 – 1999
·        Managed administrative duties and kept financial records of the Organisation
·        Prepared and organized seminars and workshops on conflict resolution

United Nations, New York, USA
Intern, Department of Technical Cooperation for Developing Countries, June – September 1988
·        Assisted in administrative duties servicing a variety of development projects in the francophone African countries
                                                                                                                                                  
Masjid Qubah and Islamic Centre, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
Secondary School Teacher and Matron, August 1985 – June 1986
·        Taught Kiswahili, French, English and Civic Education
·        Managed responsibilities for the safety, discipline and well being of 150 female students

President’s Office, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
Manpower Management Assistant, Commission for Enforcement of the Leadership Code, October 1981 – June 1982
·        Assisted the Chief Manpower Management Officer in administrative duties related to personnel
·        Prepared and implemented annual manpower development plan
·        Acted as Secretary to the Commissioners’ Meetings

PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH

 “Institutionalisation of Community Mediation Services in Tanzania”, in Southern African Peace and Security Studies, Vol.1 No.1, 2012: Southern African Centre for Collaboration on Peace and Security online athttp://www.saccps.org

“Theoretical Aspects on Conflict Resolution” in Appraising Conflict in Tanzania: Education, Corruption and Crime. Dar-es-Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House, 1998

“No Chance for Peace: The Gulf Crisis” in Experiences from Conflict Resolution in the Third World, Edited by Lindgren, G. et al. Uppsala University: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, 1992

Research Assistant, Research on Lower Voter Registration for the 2010 General Elections (Zanzibar) under theUniversity of Dar-es-Salaam (REDET) September 2011


OTHER EXPERIENCE
·        Worked, on specific assignments, with a number of locally based Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs) including Action for Relief and Development Assistance (AFREDA), Tanzania Ecumenical Dialogue Group (TEDG), World Conference on Religions for Peace (WCRP-TZ), and World Islamic Propagation and Humanitarian Services (WIPAHS) as resource person on gender, conflict resolution and peace building, 1996 – Present
  • Attended a number of conferences, seminars and workshops both within and outside the country as paper presenter, participant orgainizer.

WASIFU BINAFSI
Bibi Riziki Shahari Mngwali ni Mtanzania aliyezaliwa tarehe 6 Mei, 1960 katika wilaya ya Mafia, mkoa wa Pwani nchini Tanzania. Bibi Riziki ameolewa na amejaaliwa watoto wanne.

Mh. Mngwali ni mwanamama mwanataaluma aliyebobea katika tasnia za uongozi na mahusiano ya kimataifa. Ana shahada ya kwanza katika mahusiano ya kimataifa toka Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es Salaam; shahada ya uzamili katika masuala ya kimataifa toka Chuo Kikuu cha Columbia, New York, Marekani; na shahada nyingine ya uzamili katika stadi za Amani na usuluhishi wa migogoro toka Chuo Kikuu cha Notre Dame, Indiana, Marekani. Kwa sasa Bibi Riziki anaendelea na msomo ya shahada ya uzamivu ya sayansi ya siasa katika Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es Salaam.

Bibi Riziki amepata mafunzo maalum katika masuala ya jinsia, diplomasia na majadiliano, uchumi, utawala na uongozi hapa nchini nan chi za nje. Amefanya kazi katika nyadhifa mbalimbali kitaifa na kimataifa. Amekuwa mjumbe wa Tume ya Mabadiliko ya Katiba nchini mnamo Aprili 2012 hadi Machi 2014. Amekuwa Kaimu Mkuu wa Chuo cha Diplomasia - Dar es Salaam mnamo Desemba 2009 hadi Desemba 2010. Amekuwa Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa Mafunzo wa Chuo cha Diplomasia mnamo Mei 2007 hadi Desemba 2009.

Aidha kwa zaidi ya miaka 25, Bibi Riziki amekuwa Mhadhiri na Mkuu wa idara mbalimbali katika Chuo cha Diplomasia - Dar es Salaam. Katika nyakati mbalimbali Bibi Riziki amefanya kazi za kitafiti, kitaalamu na ushauri elekezi katika ofisi mbalimbali za serikali, mashirika binafsi na asasi za kiraia ndani na nje ya nchi. Bibi Riziki ameandika machapisho kadhaa ya kitaaluma katika fani za mahusiano ya kimataifa, upatanishi na usuluhishi wa migogoro, uchaguzi na upigaji kura. Pia amehudhuria kwa kushiriki na kuendesha mikutano, warsha na makongamano mbalimbali ya kitaaluma ndani na nje ya nchi.

USHIRIKI NA UTENDAJI WAKE KATIKA CUF
Bibi Riziki Shahari Mngwali amekuwa mpenzi na mwanachama hai na muadilifu wa Chama cha Wananchi CUF kwa zaidi ya miaka 20 sasa. Ameshiriki katika kazi nyingi za kisiasa na kitaalamu katika chama. Amekiwakilisha chama katika Tume ya Mabadiliko ya Katiba nchini mnamo Aprili 2012 hadi Machi 2014. Bibi Riziki ni mjumbe wa CUF katika Kamati ya Wataalamu wa UKAWA (UKAWA UTT).

Mwandishi akiwa katika Viwanja Vya Columbia University New York