Friday, 18 August 2017


Bi. Mgaya Nyang'ombe






Yericko,
Kwa kuwa umependa kumbukumbu hizi za nyumbani kwetu Gerezani basi
nataka nikupe kisa kilicholeta taharuki kubwa ambayo naelezwa haijapata
kutokea katika historia ya TANU na Nyerere labda hadi Baba wa Taifa
anaaga dunia.

Siku za mwanzo za TANU viongozi wake walikuwa wakiwa na jambo zito
la kujadili walikuwa wakikutana nyumbani kwa Abdul Sykes Mtaa wa
Stanley na Sikukuu.

Walikuwa wakimaliza shughuli basi inakuwa chakula na vinywaji kujipongeza.
Siku hiyo baada ya kikao wakala chakula cha mchana.

Baada ya kula ghafla Nyerere akaanza kulalamika kuwa tumbo linamkata.
Nyerere akawa anajipindua huku na huku kwa maumivu.

Siku zote TANU walikuwa wakiishi chini ya hofu ya Nyerere kudhuriwa na
maadui wa TANU lakini katika chakula kile cha nyumbani kwake hapakuwa
na hofu kwani chakula chake kilikuwa kinatoka Kariakoo na kwa watu maalum
ambao Market Master, Abdul Sykes akiwafahamu na Mzee Mshume na ndiye
akikinunua, mpelekaji wa chakula hicho kwa Mama Maria alikuwa dereva wa
TANU, Said Kamtawa maarufu kwa jina Said TANU.

Nyerere kalala kwenye kochi anaugulia na taharuki ikazuka na minong'ono
haikuweza kukwepeka.

Nyerere kalishwa sumu!
Sumu Nyerere alishwe nyumbani kwa Abdul Sykes?
Uani jikoni walikuwa mama yake Nyerere Bi. Mgaya, Mama Maria, mama
yake Abdul Sykes Bi. Mruguru bint Mussa, 
mkewe Abdul Sykes, Mama
Daisy
.

Bi. Mgaya 
hakuweza kustahamili alipoona wanaume ingia toka kule ndani.

Aliposikia kuwa Nyerere anaumwa baada ya kula chakula kitu cha kwanza
kilichomjia ni kuwa mwanae kalishwa sumu akawa sasa mikono kichwani
analia na kutembea ua mzima.

Bi. Mgaya anasema Kizanaki na anachanganya na Kiswahili.
Ikawa patashika kumtuliza.

Wote waliokula chakula kile walikuwa salama na hawa ni watu waliokuwa
wakijuana vizuri na wakiaminiana mwisho wa imani.

Nani anaweza kupenya nyumbani kwa Abdul akampa sumu Nyerere?
Nani?

Mama Daisy ndiye alikua akinihadithia alipomaliza aliinamisha kichwa
akasema, ''Mwanangu MohamedAbdul na Nyerere wametoka mbali
sana na walikuwa zaidi ya ndugu.''

Iko siku nitakileta hapa kisa cha sanduku la fedha la Abdul Sykes.


Kushoto: Dossa Aziz, Julius Nyerere, Abdul Sykes na Lawi Sijaona

Sunday, 6 August 2017



Mubindi,
Suala la takwimu nchi petu baina ya Waislam na Wakristo ni jambo nyeti
sana na kwa hakika Afrika yote hili ni jambo linaloleta ubishani mkubwa
sana.

Wakati naandika kitabu cha Abdul Sykes ilifika mahali lazima hili suala
nilizungumze.

Naweka hapo chini kile nilichosema:

''According to the 1957 population census, Muslims outnumbered Christians at a ratio of three to two. This, at that time, meant that Tanzania was a leading Muslim nation South of the Sahara. But in the first post-independence census of 1967 the total figures for Tanzania Mainland were 32% Christian, 30% Muslim and 37% local belief (August H. Nimtz Jr, Islam and Politics in East Africa, University of Minneapolis, 1980, p.11). These figures show Pagans as a leading majority in Tanzania. The 1967 census has not been able to show the reasons for the sudden decrease of Muslim population nor the growth of animists amidst believers in the span of the last ten years.

This was the last population census showing religious distribution.

Unfortunately power sharing in the political system in Tanzania is very much skewed against Muslims, although it is known that the stability of any nation depends on proper balancing of these facts. Different sources provide different Muslim -Christian religious distribution figures. These conflicting figures are as a result of sensitivity of the issue. Among African countries with sizable population of Muslims and Christians, like Tanzania and Nigeria,[1] the inquiry as to which faith commands a leading majority, is a source of potential conflict and controversy. Tanzania is of no exception. D.B. Barret[2]gives figures which show Muslims as a minority in Tanzania. The Muslim population is purported to be 26%, Christian 45%, local belief 28%. Tanzania National Demographic Survey figures for 1973 put Muslims in Tanzania slightly above Christians at 40%, Christians 38.9% and local belief 21.1%. But according to Africa South of The Sahara, [3] Muslims in Tanzania are a leading majority at 60%. This figure has remained constant in all its publications since 1982. Since research by Tanzanian Muslims on Islam is scant or almost non-existent, the issue of Muslim population has yet to be tackled from an Islamic point of view. [4]

Distribution of authority and power sharing is a factor which should not have been a cause of conflict in independent African countries. Ironically this has become a point of controversy only under indigenous governments.

It is a sensitive issue because ethnicity, religious identity and clanship is an important factor in independent African states. Power distribution and numerical strength has also to be reflected in the sharing of political power along those lines.

During colonial rule, distribution of power under ethnicity and religious bias in Africa by colonising powers were not perceived as so serious a breach of trust by subjects as to warrant civil upheavals.

Fortunately tribalism is not pronounced in Tanzania, but religion has been a factor of discrimination since colonial days.''

[1] Ali A. Mazrui, ‘African Islam and Competitive Religion: Between Revivalism and Expansion’, in Third World Quarterly Vol. 10. No. 2 April, 1988, pp. 499-518.
[2] D.B.Barret, Frontier Situations for Evangelisation in Africa ,Nairobi, 1976.
[3] Africa South of The Sahara, Europa Publication, London, No. 20, 1991, p. 1027.
[4]The only conclusive Muslim research is by Dar es Salaam University Muslim Trustee (DUMT), see 'The Position of Muslims and Islam in Tanzania', in Al Haq International (Karachi) September/October 1992.

Bahati mbaya nimeandika haya katika Kiingereza lakini tunaweza tukafanya mjadala kwa Kiswahili.

Katika hayo niliyoweka hapo juu nimefuta kipengele kimoja kinachosema kuwa takwimu za sensa ya mwisho iliyokuwa na kipengele cha dini ''zilichezewa.''

Nimekifuta makusudi kwa kuwa ingawa ipo ''citation,'' nina hakika kitasababisha mapambano makali hapa jamvini.

Sasa turudi latika hizi takwimu za CIA.

Nilikuwa nafanya mhadhara Chuo Kikuu Cha Iowa, Marekani kuhusu ''Uislam
na Siasa Tanzania Historia ya TANU na Uhuru wa Tanganyika.''

Katika mhadhara ule nilieleza sababu za Waislam katika takriban miaka 20
iliyopita kuwa na maandamano na mapambano ya mara kwa mara na serikali.

Nikaeleza sababu kuu ni kuwa Waislam wamekuwa pembeni katika elimu na
hivyo kuwa pembeni katika kugawana madaraka ya kuendesha nchi.

Waislam walitaka hili liangaliwe na serikali kwani ipo harufu ya hujuma.

Katika kipindi cha maswali na majibu na ilipobaki kama dakika tatu hivi nihitimishe,
ndipo likaja swali hili lililokuwa na takwimu za CIA na muulizaji alikuwa profesa wa
historia akasema kuwa wakipatacho Waislam wa Tanzania hiyo ndiyo haki yao kwa
kuwa wao ni wachache, yaani ni ''minority.''

Hili swali naamini liliwekwa hadi mwisho kwa kuwa katika mazungumzo yale walitaabika sana ni historia ya uhuru niliyokuwa nawafunulia, historia ya wazalendo Waislam katika kupambana na ukoloni, historia ambayo kwao wao ilikuwa ngeni.

Wao walizoea mihadhara ya kuja na historia rasmi iliyomtaja Mwalimu Nyerere 
peke yake kuwa ndiyo aliyoikomboa Tanganyika kutoka kwa Waingereza.

Hawakutaka nitoke pale kichwa juu kifua mbele walitaka wanifedheheshe kwa hizi
takwimu za CIA zinazonyesha kuwa Tanzania ina Waislam wachache na mambo
yote ni shwari ila kwa vurugu hizi za, ''Waislam wa siasa kali.''

Historia yangu ilikuwa imewahuzunisha.

Katika hadhira ile alikuwapo Prof. James Giblin aliyafanya utafiti na kuandika kitabu
kuhusu Vita Vya Maji Maji.

Alikuwapo pia Prof. Michael Lofchie aliyeandika kitabu kuhusu Mapinduzi ya Zanzibar, ''Revolution in Zanzibar,'' na hawa wote wameishi Tanzania na wanaijua vyema.

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Prof. Michael Lofchie

[​IMG]
Prof. James Giblin

Jibu langu kwao halikuwa kwangu mimi kugonganisha takwimu zangu kama zilivyo
katika kitabu cha Abdul Sykes, na takwimu zao za CIA, la hasha.

Mimi nilijibu swali lao kwa kuwauliza wao swali.

Niliwaambia kuwa naomba wanionyeshe nchi yoyote duniani katika historia yao
wananchi walio pungufu yaani, ''minority,'' walionyanyuka na silaha mikononi
kupambana na taifa lililoingia katika nchi yao kwa nia ya kuwatawala.

Nikawarejesha katika hitoria ya Vita Vya Maji Maji na kuwaambia wafanye rejea
na waangalie ni nani waliunda majeshi ya kupambana na Wajerumani.

Nikawakumbusha kisa cha Sultani Abdulrauf Songea Mbano wa Wangoni
alivyonyongwa na Wajerumani kwa kuongoza vita dhidi yao.

Nikawaambia wafanye tena rejea waangalie harakati za siasa za uhuru zilipoanza
baada ya Vita Vya Pili Vya Dunia (1938 - 1945) ni nani walikuwa mstari wa mbele
katika, ''nationalist politics,'' Tanganyika?

Kweli inawezekana adui aingie katika nchi bila ya ridhaa ya wenye nchi na ikawa
walionyanyuka kupinga uvamizi huu wakawa ni wale, ''minority?''

''Majority,'' ya wenye nchi wako wako wapi hadi mapambano ya kuikomboa nchi iwe
mikononi kwa ''minority,'' na katika Tanganyika iwe Waislamu?

Ukumbi wote ulikuwa kimya.

Maprofesa wa historia ya Afrika walikuwa wanajaribu bila shaka kutafuta mfano
utakaoweza kupambana na hoja yangu.

Hawakuweza kuupata.

Nchi zote duniani mapambano ya ukombozi huongozwa na wale waliokuwa, ''majority.''

Nikamaliza kwa kusema kuwa sina ugomvi na takwimu za CIA lakini Waislam wa
Tanzania wanaujua ukweli.

Palepale Jonathon Glassman bingwa wa African History kutoka Northwestern University,
Evanston Chicago akaniomba niende chuoni kwake tukafanye madahalo kama ule
tuliofanya pale Universty of Iowa.

Glassman amekaa sana Pangani na Tanga mjini wakati anafanya utafiti wake na
kaandika kitabu ''Feats and Riots,'' anaijua vizuri Tanzania.

Nilikubali mwaliko na nilizungumza Northwestern University, Ukumbi wa Eduardo
Mondlane
.


Saturday, 5 August 2017



WALIOCHAGULIWA KUPATA ELIMU YA JUU CHINI YA UFADHILI WA SERIKALI YA OMAN


Rais wa Zanzibar na Mwenyekiti wa Baraza la Mapinduzi DK.Ali Mohamed Shein,(kulia) akizungumza na Waziri wa Elimu ya Juu wa Nchini Oman,Dk.Rawya Saud Al Busaid, Ikulu Mjini Zanzibar
Rais wa Zanzibar na Mwenyekiti wa Baraza la Mapinduzi DK.Ali Mohamed Shein,(kulia) akizungumza na Waziri wa Elimu ya Juu wa Nchini Oman,Dk.Rawya Saud Al Busaid, Ikulu Mjini Zanzibar
Taarifa kwa Vyombo vya Habari
Kamati ya pamoja inayoratibu program ya “Oman Academic Fellowship” (OAF) inayodhaminiwa na Falme ya Oman, inapenda kutangaza kwamba waombaji wafuatao wamekubaliwa kupata udhamini wa masomo kwa ngazi za Masters na PhD kwa mwaka
2014/2015 katika masomo walioomba kama inavyoonekanwa kwenye Jadweli.
Waombaji hawa wanatakiwa wafuate maelekezo yafuatayo:
– Wawasilishe kopi za vyeti na vyeti vyao vya asili kwa Naibu Makamu Mkuu wa
Chuo, Chuo Kikuu cha Taifa Cha Zanzibar, kwa ajili ya kuthibitishwa
– Watafute vyuo kwa ajili ya masomo yao. Muombaji anaweza kuomba Chuo chochote
ulimwenguni ambacho kimo katika vyuo 200 bora ulimwenguni katika mfumo wa
Shanghai Ranking inayoparikanwa katika tovuti: http://www.shanghairanking.com
– Wafanye mitihani ya lugha ya Kiingereza na wapate alama kama ilivyotangazwa
Kwa taarifa zaidi, waombaji waliokubaliwa wawasiliane na Naibu Makamu Mkuu –
Taaluma, Chuo Kikuu cha Taifa cha Zanzibar (SUZA), Tunguu Campus. Au watumie anuani
za barua pepe zifuatazo: dvcacademic@suza.ac.tz au haji.mwevura@suza.ac.tz
No Name Program

IMG_8057
1 Mohamed Mbarouk Suleiman Teacher Education/ Curriculum Development (PhD)
2 Rajab Kheir Rajab Teacher Education/ Curriculum Development (PhD)
3 Mwanajuma Salim Othman Rural Development (PhD)
4 Salha Abdalla Said Internal Medicine (Masters)
5 Aida Mohammed Ali Pediatrics (Masters)
6 Sakina Ahmed Alawy Al
Jamalullayl
Biochemistry (Masters)
7 Miza Silima Vuai Microbiology (Masters)
8 Amne Nassor Issa Microbiology (Masters)
9 Patima Kheri Koba Early Childhood Education (Masters)
10 Yussuf Ali Said Majid Jahaadir Early Childhood Education (Masters)
11 Tamasha Juma Therea Early Childhood Education (Masters)
12 Adam Abdulla Makame Oil and Gas Management (Masters)
13 Zaituni Mussa Ali Tourism Marketing (Masters)
14 Moh’d Idrissa Haji Jecha Inclusive Education (Masters)
15 Kassim Omar Tourism and Hospitality Management (Masters)
16 Fatma Khamis Said Tourism marketing (Masters)
17 Alawiya Nasser Finance (Masters)
Chanzo: SUZA

Wednesday, 2 August 2017


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Katikati ya meza Julius Nyerere, kushoto kwake Sadiki Patwa, Kulia Mzee Makoko
na kushoto ni Makata Mwinyi Mtwana

‘’I got in touch with Makatta Mwinyi Mtwana one of very influential and rich African businessmen in Tanga who had been a friend of my father. Makatta had established his business in Tanga. He was an importer of khanga and was competing with Indians. Every weekend I used to travel to Tanga to visit him. 
At that time Tanga was the seat of the settler community. Almost all the sisal estates in Tanganyika were in Tanga Province. During weekends the settlers, almost all of them members of the Sisal Growers Association of Tanganyika, would drive to town from their estates and meet at Planters Hotel, which was exclusive to Europeans to discuss politics of the day. When nationalist politics began they met at the same hotel to plot against TANU. 
I got in touch with Mwalimu Kihere to see if we could open a branch in Tanga but unfortunately there was not much I could do there because at that time Tanga was involved in its own internal social conflicts, which prevented the formation of a political party.  One day I received a message from Makatta that on Friday at 5 p.m. the Tanga police would come to my house to search me for TANU documents. I put whatever TANU papers I had in a box and went to hide them at a place where no one would think of searching. I hid the papers at Akena’s house.  When a white police officer and three black policemen raided my house that day they found nothing.  They tore my mattresses and pillows, they combed the room but they could not find any paper to incriminate me.
How was Makatta informed of the raid against my house? 
TANU had sympathisers in many places in the colonial administration. One of them tipped him off.
I stayed at Korogwe for eight months until when I became sick with a serious kidney ailment as a result of polluted water.  I was referred to Dar es Salaam Sewa Haji Hospital for treatment. I needed an operation but there was no qualified kidney expert in Tanganyika to perform the operation. I was put on medication to relieve the pain. The operation came to be performed in Dar es Salaam 1962 after independence by one Dr. Lean from Britain.
I did not return to Korogwe after getting well as I was transferred to Moshi Labour Office. I immediately began to organise for TANU. By then TANU had sent Nyerere to the United Nations in New York to plead for Tanganyika’s independence. 
At the United Nations, Nyerere was not articulating anything new since his speech was from the very recommendations of the memorandum which the TAA Political Subcommittee had prepared and submitted to the Constitutional Development Committee of Governor Edward Twining in 1950 which were however ignored by the governor. Twining instead pursued a multiracial representation in the Legislative Council and to keep up with its stand, the government sent a multiracial delegation composed of I.C. Chopra, an Asian, Sir Charles Phillips a European, and Liwali Yustino Mponda, an African member of the Legislative Council for Newala, to oppose TANU at the United Nations. We were determined to show the government that TANU had clout.’’

Tuesday, 1 August 2017



Dessa Makoko Kaka sijui kama una akiba ya picha hizi ziko Patwas Restaurant Tanga, kwenye hii nawatambua watu watano Mwalm JK Nyerere na Bw. Patwas kualia kwake unapoitazama picha. Kulia mwenye koti na kofia mzee Rashid Makoko Babu yangu na wa piliake baba ngu Mamboleo Makoko na kushoto mwenye koti na kofia mzee Makata Mwinyimtwana, baadhi ya Waasisi na wapigania Uhuru waTanganyika.


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Hafidh Kido Picha nzuri sana hii Mjomba. Pale Patwas pana historia Kubwa inabidi pafanywe makumbusho

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Mohamed Said Salum Kaka Dessa hii ni hazina kubwa na hidaya nzuri kwangu umeniletea. In Shaa Allah naingia Maktaba nitaweka hapa kitu makhhusi...

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Dessa Makoko Insha Allah na Asante

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Dessa Makoko Usemayo ni kweli mjomba Hafidh Kido

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Mohamed Said Salum Tarehe 23 Oktoba,1955 wanachama wa mwanzo wa TANU huko Tanga walikutana kuchagua uongozi wao chama. Hamisi Heri alichaguliwa kuwa mwenyekiti na Peter Mhando katibu. Jumla ya watu arobaini na tano walihudhuria mkutano huo na wakapewa kadi za TANU. Mwalimu Kihere alihudhuria mkutano ule lakini hakuchaguliwa katika nafasi yoyote ya uongozi. Kamati ya wanachama iliundwa kutokana na wale wanachama kumi na moja waasisi waliokutana katika ule mkutano wa kwanza mwezi uliopita. Kamati hiyo ilikuwa na wajumbe wafuatao: Abdallah Rashid Sembe, Mohamed Kajembe, Victor Mkello, Dhili Mgunya, Ali Mohamed, Abdallah Mohamed na Mohamed Sadik. Peter Mhando alijitolea nyumba yake kuwa ofisi ya kwanza ya tawi la TANU mjini Tanga. Mara tu baada ya mkutano huu wazee wa Tanga wakiongozwa na Makoko Rashid, mwanachama wa zamani wa TAA walianza kufanya kampeni kwa ajili ya TANU. Chama kilipata msukumo mwingine na kuongezeka nguvu wakati Sadik Ali Patwa Muasia tajiri alipoingia TANU.

Patwa alikuwa Muislam wa madhehebu ya Shia. Patwa alikuwa amehamia Tanganyika kutoka Zanzibar mwaka 1918 baada ya kumalizika kwa Vita Kuu ya Kwanza. Pale Tanga Patwa alianzisha kiwanda cha soda na akatajirika. Wakati huo wa zama za ukoloni wakati Waasia wenzake walikuwa wakiwabagua Waafrika, Patwa alikuwa akikaa na Waafrika wa rika lake akinywa nao kahawa. Halikadhalika watoto wake wakawa wanacheza kandanda na vijana wenzao wa Kiafrika katika vilabu vya Tanga. Hili lilikuwa jambo geni na lisilokuwa la kawaida kutoka kwa familia ya Kiasia wakati wa ukoloni. Patwa alisaidia harakati za kudai uhuru kwa hali na mali, na akaifanyia kampeni TANU miongoni mwa jamii yake mwenyewe ya Kiasia. Wakati wa harakati Nyerere alikuwa akifanyiana maskhara na Patwa akimwambia, ‘’Mzee Patwa baada ya kupata uhuru nadhani tukuteuwe uwe balozi wetu India.’’ Lakini Patwa hakuiona Tanganyika huru, alifariki kabla ya uhuru kupatikana. 

Baada ya kufungua tawi la TANU mjini Tanga, uongozi wa chama ulimwalika Julius Nyerere, Bibi Titi Mohamed, John Rupia na Mbutta Milando kufanya ziara Tanga. Nyerere alifikia nyumbani kwa Hamisi Heri. Ujumbe huu kutoka makao makuu ya TANU ulipata makaribisho makubwa yaliyoandaliwa na vyama vya lelemama ambavyo kwa kawaida vilikuwa vingi sana katika pwani ya Afrika ya Mashariki kutoka Mombasa nchini Kenya hadi Mikindani, Tanganyika. Kiongozi wa akina mama hawa mjini Tanga aliyesaidia kuieneza TANU alikuwa Bibi Mwanamwema bint Sultan, ndugu wa mbali wa mwenyekiti wa TANU Tanga, Hamisi Heri. 

Matokeo ya ziara ya Nyerere Tanga ilikuwa ni kumrudisha Mwalimu Kihere katika siasa. Baada ya kushindwa kupata nafasi yoyote katika chama, Mwalimu Kihere alipoteza shauku ya siasa. Nyerere alipokuja Tanga kuifanyia kampeni TANU ndipo Mwalimu Kihere alikaribishwa kujiunga na chama. Mwalimu Kihere alifahamiana na Nyerere mwaka 1946 walipokutana Dar es Salaam katika mkutano wa mwaka wa African Association. Nyerere alipozuru Tanga Mwalimu Kihere alitaka kufanya dhifa nyumbani kwake kwa heshima yake. Uongozi wa TANU, hususan Hamisi Heri na Mzee Makoko walikataa kumruhusu Nyerere kuhudhuria dhifa hiyo kwa sababu Mwalimu Kihere alikuwa hajaonesha kuiunga mkono TANU. Nyerere akitambua utu uzima wa Mwalimu Kihere, uzoefu na sifa yake ya uongozi katika African Association, alishauri uongozi wa TANU Tanga usiache fursa ile ipite bure. Nyerere alitoa hoja kuwa, ilikuwa muhimu kukubali mwaliko wa Mwalimu Kihere na kutumia fursa hiyo kumuomba arudi kwenye harakati kwa kuwa TANU ingefaidika kutokana na uzoefu wake alioupata katika African Association. Kwa ajili ya nasaa hiyo TANU ilikubali mwaliko wa Mwalimu Kihere na Nyerere alihudhuria dhifa ile nyumbani kwa Mwalimu Kihere pamoja na wanachama wengine.

Mwalimu Kihere alikuwa mwanasiasa wa msimamo wa wastani, alikuwa mbali na msimamo mkali dhidi ya serikali. Kwa ajili hii Mwalimu Kihere alielewana vizuri na utawala wa kikoloni. Hii ilikuwa kinyume kabisa na wazalendo wengine kama Mzee Makoko Rashid ambaye kwa miaka mingi alijulikana kwa chuki yake dhidi ya Waingereza. Inasadikiwa kwamba watu wawili wataingia katika historia kwa chuki zao mahsusi dhidi ya Waingereza, mtu wa kwanza ni Abdillah Schneider Plantan na wa pili ni Mzee Makoko Rashid. Wote wawili walifungwa gerezani kwa sababu ya msimamo wao dhidi ya serikali ya kikoloni. PC na DC wake wote wawili walikukubali mwaliko wa Mwalimu Kihere. Mwalimu Kihere alimtambulisha Nyerere kwa wageni mashuhuri na alimuomba azungumze maneno machache. Nyerere kwa kipaji chake cha ufasaha wa kuzungumza alitoa hotuba kuhusu lengo la TANU na kanuni za kidemokrasia kama zilivyoelezwa na Umoja wa Mataifa. P.C. alisimama baada ya Nyerere kuzungumza na akatoa hotuba kwa niaba ya serikali. P.C. alimsifu Nyerere kuwa ni mwanasiasa mzuri kinyume na vile alivyosikia kabla ya kukutana naye. Hapo hapo alitoa ruhusa kwa Nyerere na TANU kufanya mikutano ya hadhara katika wilaya zote za jimbo hilo. Lakini uhusiano huu haukudumu, serkali iliyapiga marufuku matawi kadhaa ya TANU Tanga mara tu baada ya kuundwa kwa UTP.

Siku iliyofuata mabingwa wa hotuba wa TANU, Julius Nyerere na Bibi Titi Mohamed walihutubia mkutano wa hadhara kwenye uwanja wa Tangamano. Hii ilikuwa hatua kubwa sana kwa TANU, na kwa harakati dhidi ya ukoloni pale Tanga. Ilikuwa muda mrefu umepita tangu zile siku za zile siasa za wasomi katika Discussion Group, kikundi cha majadiliano; na ile mizozo baina yao na ule uongozi Waarabu katika TAA. Baada ya hapo, Mwalimu Kihere alichaguliwa kuwa Mwenyekiti wa TANU Tanga badala ya Hamisi Heri na Amos Kissenge alichaguliwa katibu. Abdallah Rashid Sembe mmoja wa wanachama waasisi wa mwanzo kabisa wa TANU alichaguliwa kuwa mjumbe wa Kamati Kuu ya Taifa ya TANU akiwakilisha Jimbo la Tanga.Ilikuwa chini ya hali ya hewa ya kisiasa kama hii ndipo TANU iliingia kwenye uchaguzi wake wa kwanza katika Tanganyika, chaguzi wa Kura tatu wa mwaka wa 1958 Tanga ambako United Tanganyika Party (UTP) ilikuwa imara, TANU iliwachagua John Keto, B. Krishna na R. N. Donaldson kama wagombea wake. John Keto akiwa miongoni mwa walimu wa St. Mary’s School, Minaki na alikuwa amefanya kazi kubwa katika siku za mwanzo kufungua matawi ya TANU huko Kisarawe. TANU iliamua kumteua Keto kusimama Tanga ambako ndiyo kulikuwa kwao. Katika uchaguzi huu serikali iliacha uandikishaji wa wapiga kura kwa vyama vyenyewe. Mzee Makoko Rashid, mwanasiasa wa makamo mwenye msimamo thabiti wa chama na kijana Mmaka Omari walikuwa maofisa waandikishaji wa wapiga kura katika wa TANU mjini Tanga. Makoko na Mmaka walikamatwa na kushitakiwa kwa kosa la kuwaandikisha watu ambao hawakutimiza masharti yaliyoelezwa na ilani ya uchaguzi. Katika ghera yao kwa TANU kushinda ule uchaguzi muhimu, Mzee Makoko alimsajili Mwafrika yoyote aliyetaka kuipigia kura TANU bila kujali sifa zake. Bhoke Munanka alikamatwa vilevile kule Mwanza kwa kosa hilo hilo. Hakukuwa na ushahidi wa kutosha dhidi ya Mmaka Omari kwa hiyo aliachiwa huru mara tu baada ya kukamatwa kwake. Mzee Makoko Rashid alipatikana na hatia na alihukumiwa kufungwa jela. Adhabu ya kifungo ilidhoofisha sana afya yake na mara baada ya kufunguliwa kutoka gereza baya sana la Maweni Mzee Makoko alifariki.

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Mohamed Said Salum ...ilikuwa chini ya hali ya hewa ya kisiasa kama hii ndipo TANU iliingia kwenye uchaguzi wake wa kwanza katika Tanganyika, chaguzi wa Kura tatu wa mwaka wa 1958 Tanga ambako United Tanganyika Party (UTP) ilikuwa imara, TANU iliwachagua John Keto, B. Krishna na R. N. Donaldson kama wagombea wake. John Keto akiwa miongoni mwa walimu wa St. Mary’s School, Minaki na alikuwa amefanya kazi kubwa katika siku za mwanzo kufungua matawi ya TANU huko Kisarawe. TANU iliamua kumteua Keto kusimama Tanga ambako ndiyo kulikuwa kwao. Katika uchaguzi huu serikali iliacha uandikishaji wa wapiga kura kwa vyama vyenyewe. Mzee Makoko Rashid, mwanasiasa wa makamo mwenye msimamo thabiti wa chama na kijana Mmaka Omari walikuwa maofisa waandikishaji wa wapiga kura katika wa TANU mjini Tanga. Makoko na Mmaka walikamatwa na kushitakiwa kwa kosa la kuwaandikisha watu ambao hawakutimiza masharti yaliyoelezwa na ilani ya uchaguzi. Katika ghera yao kwa TANU kushinda ule uchaguzi muhimu, Mzee Makoko alimsajili Mwafrika yoyote aliyetaka kuipigia kura TANU bila kujali sifa zake. Bhoke Munanka alikamatwa vilevile kule Mwanza kwa kosa hilo hilo. Hakukuwa na ushahidi wa kutosha dhidi ya Mmaka Omari kwa hiyo aliachiwa huru mara tu baada ya kukamatwa kwake. Mzee Makoko Rashid alipatikana na hatia na alihukumiwa kufungwa jela. Adhabu ya kifungo ilidhoofisha sana afya yake na mara baada ya kufunguliwa kutoka gereza baya sana la Maweni Mzee Makoko alifariki.

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Mohamed Said Salum Mwalimu Kihere huyo hapo chini

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Mohamed Said Salum Sheikh Rashid Sembe

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Mohamed Said Salum Mkutano wa Tabora ulitishia kuigawa TANU katika makundi hasimu yaliyokuwa yakivutana, kama isingekuwa kwa ule makakati uliopangwa kule Mnyanjani, kijiji kidogo nje ya mji wa Tanga. Waliopanga mkakati huo - Nyerere mwenyewe, Amos Kisenge, Hamisi Heri, mwenyekiti wa TANU Tanga, Mwalim Kihere mwanasiasa mkongwe wa African Association, Sheikh Abdallah Rashid Sembe, Ng’anzi Mohamed, Mustafa Shauri na Abdallah Makata - Hawa ndiyo waliinusuru TANU isinase katika mtego uliotegwa na wakoloni ambao ungeifanya TANU igawike katika mapande mawili na kila moja dhaifu kuweza peke yake kuikabili serikali ya kikoloni. Kwa mtazamo wa suala jipya la dini lililoanzishwa na Sheikh Suleiman Takadir mara tu baada ya ule mkutano mkuu wa Tabora, akidai uwakilishi ulio sawa baina ya Waislam na Wakristo, ni wazi siasa katika Tanganyika ingechukua sura ya kutisha. Kutokana na hayo hakuna kundi lolote katika makundi haya mawili ambalo lingeweza kuibuka mshindi isipokuwa serikali ya kikoloni na UTP.

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Hafidh Kido Mashallah

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Mohamed Said Salum Sheikh Dessa iweje leo hawa mashujaa hakuna kumbukumbu zao Tanga ukitoa Makoko Road. Hivi ule Mtaa wa Maua pale katika ya mji una akisi kitu gani? Dessa una sauti CCM wakumbushe na wazindue kuhusu historia hii kama hawaijui mimi nitakuja kwa nauli yangu kuja kutoa mhadhara In Shaa Allah.


Mohamed Said Salum Mkutano wa Tabora ulitishia kuigawa TANU katika makundi hasimu yaliyokuwa yakivutana, kama isingekuwa kwa ule mkakati uliopangwa kule Mnyanjani, kijiji kidogo nje ya mji wa Tanga. Waliopanga mkakati huo - Nyerere mwenyewe, Amos Kisenge, Hamisi Heri, mwenyekiti wa TANU Tanga, Mwalim Kihere mwanasiasa mkongwe wa African Association, Sheikh Abdallah Rashid Sembe, Ng’anzi Mohamed, Mustafa Shauri na Abdallah Makata - Hawa ndiyo waliinusuru TANU isinase katika mtego uliotegwa na wakoloni ambao ungeifanya TANU igawike katika mapande mawili na kila moja dhaifu kuweza peke yake kuikabili serikali ya kikoloni. Kwa mtazamo wa suala jipya la dini lililoanzishwa na Sheikh Suleiman Takadir mara tu baada ya ule mkutano mkuu wa Tabora, akidai uwakilishi ulio sawa baina ya Waislam na Wakristo, ni wazi siasa katika Tanganyika ingechukua sura ya kutisha. Kutokana na hayo hakuna kundi lolote katika makundi haya mawili ambalo lingeweza kuibuka mshindi isipokuwa serikali ya kikoloni na UTP.

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